Violent offences include all offences that involve the deliberate use or threat of violence against persons. Use of violence against property is excluded.
In the police crime statistics, offences are divided into three categories according to the type and severity of violence:
Severe violence (deliberate): Intentional homicide, murder, manslaughter, infanticide, serious assault, female genital mutilation, robbery with serious harm to the victim (art. 140 para. 4), hostage taking, rape.
Minor violence (deliberate, event. threaten): Common assault, acts of aggression, participation brawl, participation attack, robbery (art. 140 para. 1-3), predatory extortion (art. 156 para. 3), coercion, forced marriage, false imprisonment and abduction, false imprisonment and abduction: aggravating circumstances, indecent assault, violence and threats against public authorities and public officials.
Minor violence (threaten): Threatening behaviour, extortion (art. 156 para. 1, 2, 4).