In 2016, the Swiss economy extracted 7.3 tonnes of materials per capita and year and imported an extra 6.4 tonnes per capita. Overall, material flows entering Switzerland were greater than the material flows leaving Switzerland.
Construction expenditure in 2017 increased in comparison with the previous year by 0.8% in nominal terms. Compared with the previous year, investment in building engineering projects increased by 2.1%, while investment in civil engineering projects fell by 5.2%.
In 2017, the Confederation spent CHF 2.2 billion on research and experimental development (R&D). This represents a 7% increase compared with 2015, the year of the previous survey. This is a record amount.
Graph of the Week: Graduates of universities and institutes of technology
In 1999 the Bologna process was introduced in the European higher education area. The key element is the three level bachelor, master and doctorate study system; the licentiate degree has been gradually phased out. Our graph of the week shows this development.