Swiss national language as main language

This indicator provides information on people's skills in Switzerland's national languages. It reveals the percentage of people who indicated a national language as one of their main languages.

From an integration perspective, an increase in the share of people indicating a national language as a main language means the situation has improved.


Main language: this variable is based on the following question from the structural survey: "What is your main language, i.e. the language you think in and know best)?". Possible answers are: German (or Swiss German), French (or Swiss French patois), Italian (or Ticino or Grisons Italian dialect), Rhaeto-Romansh, Serbian or Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish, English, other language(s). Respondents may indicate several languages; up to three languages can be taken into account.


This indicator gives the proportion of the permanent resident population aged 15 and over that has at least one national language (German, French, Italian or Romansh) as main language.



Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuch√Ętel



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