Combined goods transport involves different modes of transport (road, rail, water), during which the goods themselves are not offloaded and reloaded but the intermodal transport units in which they are transported (e.g. containers). The concept of ‘combined transport’ is to cover the greatest part of the journey by rail or ship (main leg) and to keep the pre-carriage and onward carriage by road as short as possible.
In recent years, combined transport has gained in importance, accounting in 2019 for 34% of the tonnage transported by rail and for 12% of that transported by inland shipping to and from Basel. The percentage for road transport is much lower because as mentioned above, goods are only transported by road for the pre-carriage and onward carriage (average distance covered of about 50 kilometres). The share of combined transport in road transport was 2% in 2019. This figure concerns only transport by domestic vehicles.