Sanctions of adults

Information on penalties, measures and pre-trial detention have been made available since 1984.

Sanctions for adults are: Custodial sentence, financial penalty, community service and fines. Thefollowing measures can be imposed: Indefinite incarceration and in and outpatient treatment of mental disorders or addictive behaviour. For young adults who were under 25 at the time of committing the offence, the Penal Code provides the possibility of placement in an institution for young adults.

Main sanctions, measures and pre-trial detention 2019 - 2020
 

Adults1

 

2019

2020

Total convictions with main sanction2

106 977

95 263

Custodial sanction

14 774

13 569

unsuspended

7 995

7 315

partially suspended

766

666

suspended

6 013

5 588

Financial penalty

92 016

81 516

unsuspended

17 910

15 277

suspended

74 074

66 227

Fine only

100

106

Measures only

69

69

Verdicts with provisional pre-trial custody

19 082

16 395

of which up to 2 days

14 342

12 272

Total verdicts with measures

478

450

indefinite incarceration

4

1

inpatient measures

197

189

outpatient measures

282

264

expulsion

2 098

1 841

¹ For adults only felonies and misdemeanours are included, because contraventions are only recorded in the register of convictions as an exception.
² One main sanction is established per verdict and this is the only one shown in the table. For this reason sanctions are ranked according to their severity and only the most severe sanction is shown. For adults, custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction, followed by financial penalties, community service, fines and measures.
Source: Criminal conviction statistics (SUS), state of the Register of Criminal Conduct: 07.04.2021

Expulsion under Art. 66a SCC

The statistics on criminal convictions of the Federal Bureau of Statistics are elaborated based on the entries of the final convictions in the Swiss Convictions Register (VOSTRA). Expulsion is recorded in VOSTRA together with other sanctions (sentences and measures) and is therefore part of the criminal justice statistics.
A table with the pronounced expulsion is elaborated from this data. It contains information on the type and duration of the expulsion as well as on the characteristics of the convicted person such as gender, age and residence status.

The Federal Bureau of Statistics has developed a calculation method for the application rate of the mandatory expulsion. For all convictions of offenses under Article 66a of the Criminal Code and for which a mandatory expulsion should be ordered, it is shown whether an expulsion has been pronounced or not. Since 2019, this has been possible for all offenses in the catalog of Article 66a. The application rates show breakdowns by the characteristics of the person and the sentences. Cantonal data are also available:

Before 2019, the application rate was not calculated for all offenses in the catalog of Article 66a, as theft in conjunction with unlawful entry (Art. 66a d), fraud related to social benefits or liabilities in respect of administration services and charges (Art. 66a e and f) and fraud in relation to administrative services and charges as mentioned in Article 14 of the Administrative Criminal Law could not be separated in the convictions statistics. Nevertheless, these results were calculated and made available for the years 2017-2019. Here, the application rates also show breakdowns by the characteristics of the person and the sentences. Cantonal data are available:

A publication on the application rate’s calculation and an analysis of factors increasing the risk for expulsion were based on the data from 2017.

Figures showing the nationalities of those sentenced to expulsion are available for 2017 and 2018.

Further information

Tables

Principle punishment: length of the penalty

Principle sanction : Combination of sanctions

Principle punishment: sociodemographic characteristics

Measures

Pre-trial detention

Other measures

Publications

Publication to be downloaded in german

Publication to be downloaded in french

Press releases

Historical data

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

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