Criminal justice

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In focus

Convictions

In 2018 the number of juvenile convictions remained stable overall with 13 787 cases according to the juvenile conviction statistics. For adult convictions, numbers stagnated with just under 110 000 convictions.

Sanctions and pre-trial detention

Conditional financial penalties continued  to be the most common sentence (70%) in 2018. A total of 1 702 expulsions were issued in 2018. An expulsion was pronounced for 71% of convictions due to offences for which the legislator provides for compulsory expulsion.

At a glance

Key figures for juvenile and adult criminal justice, 2018
  Convictions Convicted persons
  Minors1 Adults2 Minors1 Adults2
Judgments / Convictions
       
Total

13 787

107 085

11 880

97 807

By sex        

male

*

*

9 241

80 515

female

*

*

2 639

17 292

By act        

by SCC

8 452

33 724

7 433

30 802

by RTA

1 229

57 023

1 200

54 379

by NarcA (drug dealing)

870

5 761

841

5 498

by FNA

538

18 047

474

15 773

Main sanction3        
Custodial sentence  811 13 957 * *

of which suspended

 512 5 011 * *
Monetary penalty * 92 769 * *

of which suspended

* 75 076 * *
Employment in community service / personal work 5 685  156 * *

of which suspended

 476  34 * *
Fine 2 945  85 * *
Caution 3 930 * * *
Single measure  28  63 * *
Exemption from punishment  388 * * *
¹ For juvenile convictions felonies, misdemeanours and contraventions are taken into account.
² For adults only felonies and misdemeanours are included, because contraventions are only recorded in the register of convictions as an exception.
³ One main sanction is established per verdict and this is the only one shown in the table. For this reason sanctions are ranked according to their severity and only the most severe sanction is shown. A custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction for minors, followed by personal performance, fines, cautions and lastly exemption from punishment. For adults, custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction, followed by financial penalties, community service, fines and measures.


SCC: Swiss Criminal Code
RTA: Road Traffic Act
NarcA: Narcotics Act
FNA: Foreign Nationals Act
Sources:
Statistics on criminal conviction of minors (JUSUS), state of the database: 24.05.2019
Criminal conviction statistics (SUS), state of the Register of Criminal Conduct: 20.05.2019

The juvenile conviction statistics and the conviction statistics (adults) allow analyses to be made by conviction and by convicted persons. In addition to providing details on convicted persons, information is available on the offences and on the pronounced sanctions.

The juvenile convictions statistics (JUSUS) shows all convictions of juveniles which contain an offence against the Criminal Code, the Aliens Act and the Narcotics Act or a felony or misdemeanour against the Road Traffic Act. The juvenile conviction statistics has existed in its present form since 1999.

The conviction statistics (SUS) shows all convictions of adults recorded in the register of convictions which were pronounced on the basis of a felony or misdemeanour. Contraventions are not taken into account as these are only rarely entered in the register of convictions. The conviction statistics has existed in its present form since 1984.

Further information

Tables

Selection: Tables on total of convicted persons

Selection: Tables relative to the main laws

Selection: Tables relative to the sanctions

Graphs

Publications

Publication to be downloaded in german

Publication to be downloaded in french

Press releases

Statistical sources and concepts

On this topic

Convictions

The annual figures for adult and juvenile convictions. Detailed information is available on the laws and the individual offences.

Convicted persons

The annual number of convicted juveniles and adults recorded in the register of convictions. Details are available of the personal characteristics by offence.

Sanctions and pre-trial detention

Information on penalties and measures has been available since 1999 for minors and since 1984 for adults. Data are available for adults for pre-trial detention.

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).

https://www.bfs.admin.ch/content/bfs/en/home/statistics/crime-criminal-justice/criminal-justice.html