Foreign population

Anyone residing in Switzerland at a given time, but who does not have Swiss nationality is defined as a foreign national. The permanent foreign resident population is the reference population in population statistics. It includes all foreign nationals who hold a residence permit for a minimum duration of 12 months or who have resided in Switzerland for 12 months (Permit B/C/L/F or FDFA permit - international civil servants, diplomats and members of their family).

The majority of foreigners residing permanently in Switzerland are European and mainly come from EU/EFTA member states. Italian, German, Portuguese and French nationals comprise the majority of foreigners from an EU/EFTA member state, as well as of all foreigners residing permanently in Switzerland.

Permanent foreign resident population by nationality (at end of year, in thousand)
  2017 2018 2019
Total 2 126.4 2 148.3

2 175.4

EU28/EFTA 1 401.1 1 415.9

1 434.4

   Germany

304.6 306.2

307.4

   France

131.1 134.8

138.9

   Italy

317.3 319.3

321.3

   Austria

42.5 43.0

43.7

   Portugal

266.6 263.3

260.1

   Spain

83.3 83.7

84.4

Rest of Europe 371.1 370.2

370.0

   Kosovo

110.7

111.8

112.8

   North Macedonia

66.1

66.6.

67.1

   Turkey

68.2 67.8

67.7

Africa 107.5 109.5

111.6

America 79.8 81.0

81.9

Asia 160.5 165.1

170.9

Oceania 4.2 4.1

4.1

Stateless, nationality unknown 2.3 2.4

2.4

Source: FSO – STATPOP

Further information

Data

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

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