Births and deaths

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In focus

Geburten, Fruchbarkeit


Fertility patterns have undergone profound changes over the course of the 20th century.

The birth rate fell from an average of 3.7 children per woman in 1900 to 1.8 at the beginning of the Second World War. In 1938 the trend was reversed. The number of children increased again rapidly, reaching 2.6 children per woman in 1945. Since 1975, the number of children per woman has stabilized at a low level, around 1.5 children for all women living in Switzerland.

Todesfälle, Sterblichkeit und Lebenserwartung


In Switzerland, as in other developed countries, the increase in life expectancy is due to the decrease in mortality among the very old. The total number of deaths has remained relatively stable over the last three decades. However the year 2020 breaks this pattern as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

At a glance

Key figures

2019 2020 2021
Live births 86 172 85 914 89 402
Crude birth rate
10.0 9.9 10.3
Average age at birth of a child                                              32.1 32.2 32.3
Average age at birth of the 1st child (married women) 31.1 31.1 31.2
Total fertility rate
1.48 1.46 1.51
Proportion of live births outside marriage 26.5 27.7 28.5
Sex ratio at birth 104.9 106.4 105.1
Deaths 67 780 76 195 71 074
Mortality rate 7.9 8.8 8.2
Infant mortality rate 3.3 3.6 ...
Life expectancy at birth    
Male 81.9
81.0 81.7
85.6 85.1 85.7
Life expectancy at 65      
Male 20.0 19.3 19.9
22.7 22.2 22.7
2021: provisional annual figures
…= The figures are not available yet

Further information


Weekly figures




Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel



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