Births and deaths

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In focus

Geburten, Fruchbarkeit


Fertility patterns have undergone profound changes over the course of the 20th century.

The birth rate fell from an average of 3.7 children per woman in 1900 to 1.8 at the beginning of the Second World War. In 1938 the trend was reversed. The number of children increased again rapidly, reaching 2.6 children per woman in 1945. Since 1975, the number of children per woman has stabilized at a low level. It fluctuates between 1.5 and 1.6 children for all women living in Switzerland.

Todesfälle, Sterblichkeit und Lebenserwartung


In Switzerland, as in other developed countries, the increase in life expectancy is due to the decrease in mortality among the very old. While the total number of deaths has remained relatively stable over the last three decades, the changes in the age distribution of the deceased speak for themselves.

At a glance

Key figures

2018 2019 2020
Live births 87 851 86 172 85 914
Crude birth rate
10.3 10.0 9.9
Average age at birth of a child                                              32.0 32.1 32.2
Average age at birth of the 1st child (married women) 30.9 31.1 31.1
Total fertility rate
1.52 1.48 1.46
Proportion of live births outside marriage 25.7 26.5 27.7
Sex ratio at birth 105.1
104.9 106.4
Deaths 67 088 67 780 76 195
Mortality rate 7.9 7.9 8.8
Infant mortality rate 3.3 3.3 ...
Life expectancy at birth  
Male 81.7 81.9
85.4 85.6 85.2
Life expectancy at 65    
Male 19.9 20.0 19.3
22.7 22.7 22.2
Indicators 2020: provisional annual figures
…= The figures are not available yet

Further information


Weekly figures




Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel



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