Size of the dwelling

The size of the dwelling is defined by the number of rooms or its surface area.

Number of rooms

At national level, more than half of the housing stock is comprised of dwellings with 3 to 4 rooms.

Dwellings by number of rooms
  1990 2000 2010 2019
Total dwellings 3,159,977 3,569,181 4,079,060 4,582,272
1 room 237,075 241,239 260,047 291,243
2 rooms 463,941 502,636 559,278 664,152
3 rooms 889,145 976,211 1,077,308 1,236,692
4 rooms 824,230 959,666 1,129,971 1,264,080
5 rooms 419,720 524,787 624,469 691,817
6 rooms and more 325,866 364,642 427,987 434,288
Sources: FSO - Federal Population Census, Buildings and dwellings statistics

Floor space of dwellings

In 2019 the average floor space per dwelling was 99m2. The relative stability observed since 2000 (97m2) can be explained by the fact that dwellings built prior to 1981 (62% of the housing stock) have an average floor space of less than 100m2. The size of more recent dwellings, however, is larger, and dwellings built between 2001 and 2005 have an average floor space of 131m2.

Average floor space of dwellings by period of construction, 2019
Period of construction Average floor space
Total 99m2
before 1919   97m2
1919 - 1945   92m2
1946 - 1960   84m2
1961 - 1970   83m2
1971 - 1980   93m2
1981 - 1990   107m2
1991 - 2000 112m2
2001 - 2005 131m2
2006 - 2010 125m2
2011 - 2015 115m2
2016 - 2019 104m2
Source : FSO Buildings and dwellings statistics

Regional analysis shows differences at cantonal level.

Average living space and average surface area per room in the cantons, 2019
  Average living
space in m2
Average surface
area per room in m2
  99   27
Zurich   97   28
Bern   95   26
Lucerne   104   27
Uri   102   26
Schwytz   110   28
Obwalden   104   27
Nidwalden   108   28
Glarus   105   26
Zug   107   29
Fribourg   104   28
Solothurn   108   27
Basel-Stadt   80   26
Basel-Landschaft   105   27
Schaffhausen   108   27
Appenzell Ausserrhoden   111   26
Appenzell Innerrhoden   114   25
St. Gallen   105   26
Graubünden   90   26
Aargau   112   28
Thurgau   115   28
Ticino   98   28
Vaud   95   27
Valais   92   27
Neuchâtel   94   26
Geneva   86   28
Jura   103 25
Source : FSO Buildings and dwellings statistics

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal statistical office Section Population
Espace de l’Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuch√Ętel
Switzerland

info.gws@bfs.admin.ch

Remark

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