Dwellings

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In focus

Mietwohnungen

Rented dwellings

The majority of households in Switzerland are renters.

Teaser 09.03

Home ownership rate

The home ownership rate has been rising steadily since 1970.

Overview

One of the aspects of the buildings and dwellings statistics (StatBL) is to quantify the Swiss housing stock and to analyse it according to certain characteristics such as the number of rooms or surface area. It is an exhaustive survey, based on the Federal register of buildings and dwellings. All dwellings are included, regardless of use.

The analysis of housing conditions is another aspect of the StatBL, whose data are partly drawn from a sample (structural population survey), and partly from a register-based survey.

Dwellings in Switzerland

Dwellings by number of rooms and surface area
  2000   2010   2016
3,569,181 4,079,060 4,420,829
1 room 6.8% 6.4% 6.4%
2 rooms 14.1% 13.7% 14.1%
3 rooms 27.4% 26.4% 26.8%
4 rooms 26.9% 27.7% 27.7%
5 rooms 14.7% 15.3% 15.3%
6 rooms and more 10.2% 10.5% 9.8%
82.3%* 100.0% 100.0%
less than 60 m2 15.3% 17.4% 17.8%
60-119 m2 46.2% 55.8% 54.3%
120 m2 and over 20.8% 26.7% 27.9%
* missing data have not been accounted Sources: FSO - Federal Population Census, Buildings and dwellings statistics

In 2016, the Swiss housing stock comprised 4.4 million dwellings. More than half were situated in the five most populated cantons, i.e. Zurich, Bern, Vaud, Aargau and St.Gallen.

Dwellings by canton, 2016
  absolute as %
       4,420,829             100.0
Zurich           730,413                16.5
Bern           558,598                12.6
Lucerne           193,248                  4.4
Uri             19,343                  0.4
Schwytz             76,682                  1.7
Obwalden             21,245                  0.5
Nidwalden             21,512                  0.5
Glarus             22,477                  0.5
Zug             57,728                  1.3
Fribourg           145,519                  3.3
Solothurn           134,540                  3.0
Basel-Stadt           108,987                  2.5
Basel-Landschaft           138,417                  3.1
Schaffhausen             41,344                  0.9
Appenzell Ausserrhoden             28,622                  0.6
Appenzell Innerrhoden               7,873                  0.2
St. Gallen           252,538                  5.7
Graubünden           170,177                  3.8
Aargau           312,678                  7.1
Thurgau           129,996                  2.9
Ticino           236,570                  5.4
Vaud           400,395                  9.1
Valais           250,465                  5.7
Neuchâtel             94,223                  2.1
Geneva           229,551                  5.2
Jura             37,688                  0.9
Source: FSO Building and dwelling statistics

In 1990, the Swiss housing stock comprised 3.2 million dwellings. In 2016, it was at least a third larger. Data on the annual growth of dwellings can be found on the construction statistics page.

Marked differences can be observed regarding the construction period of dwellings and of the buildings in which they are located.

In Switzerland, in 2016, almost one dwelling in four is located in a single-family house. In urban regions or regions close to an urban centre, multi-family houses are the most common type of accommodation: two out of five dwellings are located in buildings with more than six dwellings.

Further information

Tables

Graphs

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Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal statistical office Section Population
Espace de l’Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland
Tel.
+41 58 467 25 25

Monday to Friday
09.00–11.30 and 14.00–16.00

info.gws@bfs.admin.ch

Remark

Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).

https://www.bfs.admin.ch/content/bfs/en/home/statistics/construction-housing/dwellings.html