Dwellings

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In focus

Mietwohnungen

Rented dwellings

The majority of households in Switzerland are renters.

Teaser 09.03

Home ownership rate

The home ownership rate has been rising steadily since 1970.

Overview

One of the aspects of the buildings and dwellings statistics (StatBL) is to quantify the Swiss housing stock and to analyse it according to certain characteristics such as the number of rooms or surface area. It is an exhaustive survey, based on the Federal register of buildings and dwellings. All dwellings are included, regardless of use.

The analysis of housing conditions is another aspect of the StatBL, whose data are partly drawn from a sample (structural population survey), and partly from a register-based survey.

Dwellings in Switzerland

Dwellings by number of rooms and surface area
  2000   2010   2017
3,569,181 4,079,060 4,469,498
1 room 6.8% 6.4% 6.3%
2 rooms 14.1% 13.7% 14.2%
3 rooms 27.4% 26.4% 26.9%
4 rooms 26.9% 27.7% 27.6%
5 rooms 14.7% 15.3% 15.2%
6 rooms and more 10.2% 10.5% 9.7%
82.3%* 100.0% 100.0%
less than 60 m2 15.3% 17.4% 17.8%
60-119 m2 46.2% 55.8% 54.3%
120 m2 and over 20.8% 26.7% 27.9%
* missing data have not been accounted Sources: FSO - Federal Population Census, Buildings and dwellings statistics

In 2017, the Swiss housing stock comprised 4.5 million dwellings. Half of them were situated in the five most populated cantons, i.e. Zurich, Bern, Vaud, Aargau and St.Gallen.

Dwellings by canton, 2017
  absolute as %
4,469,498             100.0
Zurich 737,751 16.5
Bern 563,423 12.6
Lucerne 195,610 4.4
Uri 19,691 0.4
Schwytz 77,840 1.7
Obwalden 21,355 0.5
Nidwalden 21,766 0.5
Glarus 22,626 0.5
Zug 58,154 1.3
Fribourg 147,934 3.3
Solothurn 135,837 3.0
Basel-Stadt 109,510 2.5
Basel-Landschaft 139,708 3.1
Schaffhausen 41,945 0.9
Appenzell Ausserrhoden 28,833 0.6
Appenzell Innerrhoden 7,942 0.2
St. Gallen 254,955 5.7
Graubünden 171,887 3.8
Aargau 318,457 7.1
Thurgau 132,554 3.0
Ticino 238,791 5.3
Vaud 405,380 9.1
Valais 253,084 5.7
Neuchâtel 94,543 2.1
Geneva 231,827 5.2
Jura 38,095 0.9
Source: FSO Building and dwelling statistics

In 1990, the Swiss housing stock comprised 3.2 million dwellings. In 2017, it was 40% larger. Data on the annual growth of dwellings can be found on the construction statistics page.

Marked differences can be observed regarding the construction period of dwellings and of the buildings in which they are located.

In Switzerland, in 2017, almost one dwelling in four is located in a single-family house. In urban regions or regions close to an urban centre, multi-family houses are the most common type of accommodation: almost half of all dwellings are located in buildings with more than six dwellings.

Further information

Tables

Graphs

Press Releases

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal statistical office Section Population
Espace de l’Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland
Tel.
+41 58 467 25 25

Monday to Friday
09.00–11.30 and 14.00–16.00

info.gws@bfs.admin.ch

Remark

Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).

https://www.bfs.admin.ch/content/bfs/en/home/statistics/construction-housing/dwellings.html