Dwellings

What's new?

In focus

Rented dwellings

The majority of households in Switzerland are renters.

Home ownership rate

The home ownership rate has been rising since 1970.

Overview

One of the aspects of the buildings and dwellings statistics (StatBL) is to quantify the Swiss housing stock and to analyse it according to certain characteristics such as the number of rooms or surface area. It is an exhaustive survey, based on the Federal register of buildings and dwellings. All dwellings are included, regardless of use.

The analysis of housing conditions is another aspect of the StatBL, whose data are partly drawn from a sample (structural population survey), and partly from a register-based survey.

Dwellings in Switzerland

Légende

Dwellings by number of rooms and surface area
  2000   2010   2020
3,569,181 4,079,060 4,637,174
1 room 6.8% 6.4%   6.4%
2 rooms 14.1% 13.7%   14.7%
3 rooms 27.4% 26.4%   27.0%
4 rooms 26.9% 27.7%   27.5%
5 rooms 14.7% 15.3%   15.0%
6 rooms and more 10.2% 10.5%   9.4%
82.3%* 100.0%   100.0%
less than 60 m2 15.3% 17.4%   17.9%
60-119 m2 46.2% 55.8%   54.3%
120 m2 and over 20.8% 26.7%   27.8%
* missing data have not been accounted Sources: FSO - Federal Population Census, Buildings and dwellings statistics

In 2020, the Swiss housing stock comprised 4.6 million dwellings. Half of them were situated in the five most populated cantons, i.e. Zurich, Bern, Vaud, Aargau and St.Gallen.

Dwellings by canton, 2020
  absolute as %
4,637,174   100.0
Zurich  764,027   16.5
Bern  578,292   12.5
Lucerne  204,467   4.4
Uri  20,582   0.4
Schwytz  80,797   1.8
Obwalden  22,109   0.5
Nidwalden  22,336   0.5
Glarus  23,243   0.5
Zug  59,952   1.3
Fribourg  158,160   3.4
Solothurn  141,307   3.0
Basel-Stadt  112,412   2.4
Basel-Landschaft  144,139   3.1
Schaffhausen  43,482   0.9
Appenzell Ausserrhoden  29,479   0.6
Appenzell Innerrhoden  8,289   0.2
St. Gallen  264,266   5.7
Graubünden  177,129   3.8
Aargau  333,007   7.2
Thurgau  138,676   3.0
Ticino  247,900   5.3
Vaud  423,160   9.1
Valais  263,445   5.7
Neuchâtel  97,193   2.1
Geneva  239,694   5.2
Jura  39,631   0.9
Source: FSO Buildings and dwellings statistics

In 1990, the Swiss housing stock comprised 3.2 million dwellings. In 2020, it was more than 40% larger.

Marked differences can be observed regarding the construction period of dwellings and of the buildings in which they are located.

In Switzerland, in 2020, almost one dwelling in four was located in a single-family house and one in three dwellings in a large multi-family house with at least seven dwellings.

Further information

Tables

Graphs

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Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal statistical office Section Population
Espace de l’Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland
Tel.
+41 58 467 25 25

Monday to Friday
09.00–11.30 and 14.00–16.00

info.gws@bfs.admin.ch

Remark

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