General education

In 2022, some 42 689 diplomas were awarded for general education courses at the upper secondary level, meaning an increase of almost 40% compared to the year 2005. This is for the most part due to the federal vocational Baccalaureate and to the specialised Baccalaureate.

Diplomas in general education by training type, change in numbers since 2005
Training type 2005 2010 2015 2020 2022
Total 30 266 36 364 39 747 42 663 42 689
  Male 13 671 15 723 17 287 18 368 18 138
  Female 16 595 20 641 22 460 24 295 24 551
16 411 18 759 18 566 19 088 19 175
  Male 7 089 7 940 7 932 8 016 8 065
  Female 9 322 10 819 10 634 11 072 11 110
10 719 12 249 14 038 14 408 14 012
  Male 6 005 6 612 7 522 7 704 7 248
  Female 4 714 5 637 6 516 6 704 6 764
. 1 357 2 525 3 165 3 337
  Male .  212  487  744  797
  Female . 1 145 2 038 2 421 2 540
 148  487  773 1 017 1 114
  Male  90  286  455  550  624
  Female  58  201  318  467  490
. . .  261  344
  Male . . .  92  98
  Female . . .  169  246
2 617 3 357 3 845 4 724 4 707
  Male  421  636  891 1 262 1 306
  Female 2 196 2 721 2 954 3 462 3 401
 371  155 . . .
  Male  66  37 . . .
  Female  305  118 . . .
1 Certificates of university aptitude test Source: FSO – Statistics on certificates (SBA)
Data as of: May 2023

General education covers the three types of baccalaureate as well as courses in one of the upper secondary specialised schools. The Baccalaureate is awarded, depending on the canton, after three or four years, the federal vocational Baccalaureate is awarded either during or after initial vocational education and the specialised Baccalaureate is awarded one year after the specialised diploma.

Between 2005 and 2022, the number of baccalaureates has increased sharply (+35%). All three types of baccalaureates have contributed to this progression: the academic Baccalaureate, with an increase in diplomas of 15%; the specialised Baccalaureate, which was first introduced in 2006; and especially the federal vocational Baccalaureate (+30%). The share of baccalaureates awarded to women has risen from just over 50% in 2005 to almost 55% in 2022. The percentage of women has grown especially in the vocational Baccalaureate (almost +5%).

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