Upper secondary level

In 2021, 108 484 diplomas were awarded at the upper secondary level. 66 067 diplomas were delivered in vocational education and training and 42 417 in general education courses.

Upper secondary level diplomas, change in numbers since 2000
Training type 2000 2010 2015 2020 2021
Total 84 295 104 518 109 400 112 860 108 484
  Male 43 590 53 343 55 107 57 594 55 189
  Female 40 705 51 175 54 293 55 266 53 295
60 164 68 154 69 668 70 194 66 067
  Male 32 128 37 620 37 835 39 230 37 148
  Female 28 036 30 534 31 833 30 964 28 919
24 131 36 364 39 732 42 666 42 417
  Male 11 462 15 723 17 272 18 364 18 041
  Female 12 669 20 641 22 460 24 302 24 376
Sources: FSO - Vocational education and training statistics (SBG-SFPI), Statistics on certificates (SBA)
Data as of: June 2022

Upper secondary level is made up of two major axes. Firstly, there is vocational education and training (VET) which leads to the award of a federal VET diploma or a federal VET certificate. Secondly, there is general education which covers programmes leading to the baccalaureate (academic, vocational, specialised) as well as courses of study in an upper secondary specialised school. Transitional and supplementary courses complete the offer at upper secondary level.

Diplomas at the upper secondary level have risen by 30% in the past 20 years. This increase is mainly driven by the growth of vocational Baccalaureates - especially between 2000 and 2005 - as well as by the introduction of specialised Baccalaureates. Because of double degrees, the trend is less marked in terms of student numbers as vocational Baccalaureates students obtain at the same time a diploma in vocational education and training. The number of academic Baccalaureates has remained fairly stable over this time period.

Related topics

On this topic

Vocational education and training (VET)

Federal VET diplomas, federal VET certificates, trade certificates, certificates of basic vocational education

General education


Baccalaureates, professional baccalaureates, specialized baccalaureates, specialised school certificates, other programmes

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