Upper secondary education

Upper secondary level is made up of two major axes. Firstly, there is vocational education and training (VET) which leads to the award of a Federal VET Diploma or a Federal VET Certificate. Secondly, there is general education which covers programmes leading to the Baccalaureate (academic, vocational, specialised) as well as courses of study in an upper secondary specialised school. Transitional and supplementary courses complete the offer at upper secondary level.

Upper secondary level diplomas, change in numbers since 2000
Training type 2000 2005 2010 2015 2018
Total 84 295 90 040 104 518 110 019 111 059
  Male 43 590 46 822 53 343 55 435 55 863
  Female 40 705 43 218 51 175 54 584 55 196
60 164 59 774 68 154 69 668 69 104
  Male 32 128 33 151 37 620 37 835 37 928
  Female 28 036 26 623 30 534 31 833 31 176
24 131 30 266 36 364 40 351 41 955
  Male 11 462 13 671 15 723 17 600 17 935
  Female 12 669 16 595 20 641 22 751 24 020
Sources: FSO - Vocational education and training statistics (SBG-SFPI), Statistics on certificates (SBA)
Data as of: April 2019

Diplomas at the upper secondary level have risen by 30% in the past 18 years. This increase is mainly driven by the growth of vocational baccalaureates - especially between 2000 and 2005 - as well as by the introduction of specialised baccalaureates. Because of double degrees, the trend is less marked in terms of student numbers as vocational baccalaureates students obtain at the same time a diploma in vocational education and training. The number of academic baccalaureates has remained fairly stable over this time period.

Related topics

On this topic

Vocational education and training (VET)

Federal VET diplomas, federal VET certificates, trade certificates, certificates of basic vocational education

General education


Baccalaureates, professional baccalaureates, specialized baccalaureates, specialised school certificates, other programmes

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