Upper secondary level

In 2022, 108 520 diplomas were awarded at the upper secondary level.
65 831 diplomas were delivered in vocational education and training and 42 689 in general education courses.

Upper secondary level diplomas, change in numbers since 2005
Training type 2005 2010 2015 2020 2022
Total 90 040 104 518 109 400 112 856 108 520
  Male 46 822 53 343 55 112 57 598 55 412
  Female 43 218 51 175 54 288 55 258 53 108
59 774 68 154 69 653 70 193 65 831
  Male 33 151 37 620 37 825 39 230 37 274
  Female 26 623 30 534 31 828 30 963 28 557
30 266 36 364 39 747 42 663 42 689
  Male 13 671 15 723 17 287 18 368 18 138
  Female 16 595 20 641 22 460 24 295 24 551
Sources: FSO - Vocational education and training statistics (SBG-SFPI), Statistics on certificates (SBA)
Data as of: May 2023

Upper secondary level is made up of two major axes. Firstly, there is vocational education and training (VET) which leads to the award of a federal VET diploma or a federal VET certificate. Secondly, there is general education which covers programmes leading to the baccalaureate (academic, vocational, specialised) as well as courses of study in an upper secondary specialised school. Transitional and supplementary courses complete the offer at upper secondary level.

Diplomas at the upper secondary level have risen by 20% in the past 20 years. This progression is mainly driven by the growth of vocational Baccalaureates as well as by the introduction of specialised Baccalaureates and VET Certificates. The VET Diplomas and the academic Baccalaureates, the most frequently awarded diplomas at upper secondary level, have each increased by almost 15% during this period.

Related topics

On this topic

Vocational education and training (VET)

Federal VET diplomas, federal VET certificates, trade certificates, certificates of basic vocational education

General education


Baccalaureates, professional baccalaureates, specialized baccalaureates, specialised school certificates, other programmes

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