In 1st quarter 2023, 1.754 million persons of foreign nationality worked in Switzerland. Four in five workers (78.5%) came from an EU/EFTA state or the United Kingdom and the rest from a third party state (21.5%). Persons holding a settlement permit (permit C) were in the majority (44.6% of employed foreign nationals), followed by holders of a residence permit (permit B or L, in Switzerland for 12 or more months; 28.8%), cross-border commuters (permit G; 21.9%) and holders of a short-term residence permit (permit L, in Switzerland for under 12 months; 2.2%).
The share of persons with foreign nationality among the employed population (domestic concept) increased from 25.6% in 1991 to 32.9% in 2022. While the share of foreign workers slightly decreased until the early 2000s, it has constantly increased every year since 2004.
Statistical sources and concepts
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