Labour market status, persons in employment

Trend in number of employed persons

In Switzerland, 5.309 million persons were employed in the 1st quarter 2024 (+1.4% compared with the 1st quarter 2023; 5.235 million).

Composition of the permanent resident population

The Swiss population is made up of economically active persons and economically inactive persons. Economically active persons – which represent the labour supply – include employed persons (the self-employed, family members working in a family business, employees and apprentices) and the unemployed as per the definition of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). Economically inactive persons are made up of persons in education, homemakers of both sexes and pensioners.

Over the last twenty years, the share of economically active persons in the population aged 15 and over has remained stable despite sharp demographic ageing (68% of economically active persons in 2023 and 68% in 2003). Within the economically active population, the share of self-employed has fallen while the proportion of employees has risen. Among economically inactive persons, the share of pensioners has risen sharply at the expense of the share of homemakers.

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Federal Statistical Office Section Labour Force
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