General education

In 2021, some 42 417 diplomas were awarded for general education courses at the upper secondary level, meaning an increase of almost 75% compared to the year 2000. This is for the most part due to the federal vocational Baccalaureate, which has more than doubled since 2000. Between 2000 and 2021, the overall proportion of women in general education courses showed an increase (from 53% to 57%). For the Baccalaureate, it rose from 54% to 59% and for the federal vocational Baccalaureate from 36% to 47%.

Diplomas in general education by training type, change in numbers since 2000
Training type 2000 2010 2015 2020 2021
Total 24 131 36 364 39 732 42 666 42 417
  Male 11 462 15 723 17 272 18 364 18 041
  Female 12 669 20 641 22 460 24 302 24 376
15 027 18 759 18 566 19 090 18 510
  Male 6 903 7 940 7 932 8 017 7 597
  Female 8 124 10 819 10 634 11 073 10 913
6 475 12 249 14 023 14 411 14 500
  Male 4 151 6 612 7 507 7 700 7 731
  Female 2 324 5 637 6 516 6 711 6 769
. 1 357 2 525 3 165 3 421
  Male .  212  487  744  813
  Female . 1 145 2 038 2 421 2 608
.  487  773 1 032 1 081
  Male .  286  455  554  586
  Female .  201  318  478  495
. . .  246  320
  Male . . .  88  104
  Female . . .  158  216
1 865 3 357 3 845 4 722 4 585
  Male  326  636  891 1 261 1 210
  Female 1 539 2 721 2 954 3 461 3 375
 764  155 . . .
  Male  82  37 . . .
  Female  682  118 . . .
1 Certificates of university aptitude test Source: FSO – Statistics on certificates (SBA)
Data as of: June 2022

General education covers the three types of baccalaureate as well as courses in one of the upper secondary specialised schools. The Baccalaureate is awarded, depending on the canton, after three or four years, the federal vocational Baccalaureate is awarded either during or after initial vocational education and the specialised Baccalaureate is awarded one year after the specialised diploma.

Between 2000 and 2021, the number of baccalaureates has increased dramatically (+70%). All three types of baccalaureate have contributed to this increase: the Baccalaureate, with an increase in diplomas of 25%; the specialised Baccalaureate, which was first introduced in 2006; and especially the federal vocational Baccalaureate, which recorded a large rise in numbers between 2000 and 2005. A striking increase has been seen in the share of women taking baccalaureates: in 2000 the percentage of female candidates was just under 50%; in 2021 it was 55%.

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