MONET 2030: Material footprint per person

SDG 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Swiss target 12.2: As a contribution to the respect of planetary boundaries, overexploitation of natural resources is prevented and the environmental impact of consumption and production is considerably reduced

Significance of the indicator
The indicator shows domestic raw material consumption (RMC), also known as material footprint, in tonnes per person. As well as raw materials extracted in Switzerland, the material footprint also takes into account the total amount of raw materials used abroad during the production and transport processes of goods and services consumed in Switzerland. In the interests of sustainable development, global economic exchanges should encourage the sparing use of natural resources in Switzerland and in countries from which Switzerland imports goods and services. In this respect, a reduction in this per person footprint is therefore a step towards sustainable development.

International comparability
The flows in raw material equivalents cannot be measured directly and therefore have to be modelled. Several statistical approaches can be used at the international level to estimate these flows. The approach used for measuring this indicator has been developed by Eurostat. Only a few European countries currently publish this kind of indicator. Eurostat publishes these data at EU level.



This indicator describes per capita raw material consumption caused by domestic final demand.

Imports in raw materials are counted in the Federal Statistical Office's environmental accounts, which are satellite accounts of the National Accounts. They are in keeping with the UN's System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA). The data presented in this indicator are based on an adaptation of a methodology developed by Eurostat that converts a country's imports and exports into raw material equivalents (RME). The RME indicators are the result of modelling and are less reliable than the indicators of direct flows. They should, therefore, be treated as estimates.

The population data used to calculate this indicator are taken from the Population and Households Statistics (STATPOP) published by the Federal Statistical Office. The material footprint is divided by the permanent resident population at the end of the year. Domestic final demand is calculated according to the national accounts and corresponds to the total final consumption expenditure of households and public administrations, gross fixed capital formation and changes in inventories.


Swiss target 12.2 : As a contribution to the respect of planet boundaries, overexploitation of natural resources is prevented and the environmental impact of consumption and production is considerably reduced.

International target 12.2: By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.


Federal Statistical Office Section Environment, Sustainable Development, Territory
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
+41 58 485 64 96

Monday - Friday:
09.00 - 12.00 / 14.00 - 16.00



Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).