Swiss citizens abroad in 2021 75% of Swiss citizens living abroad have more than one nationality
More than 800 000 Swiss nationals lived abroad at the end of 2022
07.04.2022 - At the end of 2021, more than one in ten Swiss citizens lived abroad. This was a 1.5% increase compared with 2020. Most of these citizens lived in Europe. Regardless of the continent in which they lived, the majority were aged between 18 and 64. Reflecting Switzerland's multicultural nature, many of them also had more than one nationality, according to the results of the statistics on the Swiss abroad from the Federal Statistical Office (FSO).
In 2021, 788 000 Swiss citizens were registered with a Swiss diplomatic representation abroad, i.e. 1.5% more than in 2020. This increase is similar to the one recorded in 2019 (+1.4%).
64% of Swiss citizens abroad in Europe
Compared with 2020, numbers increased in Europe (+2.2%) in Asia (+0.7%), in Oceania (+0.6%), and in the Americas (+0.2%), while in Africa they fell (–0.6%).
The majority of Swiss citizens abroad lived on the European continent (501 600 people, 64%). The largest community resided in France (203 900). This was followed by Germany (96 600 persons), Italy (50 500), the United Kingdom (38 900) and Spain (25 100). The number of Swiss citizens grew in all of these countries, with the greatest increase in the United Kingdom (+3.0%) and the lowest in Italy (+0.8%). Portugal had only a small number of Swiss citizens (5400), but the growth recorded in 2021 was one of the highest among European countries (+14.1%).
The Americas lead the remaining continents
286 300 Swiss citizens lived on other continents, i.e. 23.0% in the Americas, 6.8% in Asia, 4.2% in Oceania and 2.4% in Africa. The largest communities outside Europe were in the United States, which registered 81 800 people, ahead of Canada (40 800), Australia (25 800) and Israel (22 100). An increase was seen in all of these countries but the greatest was observed in Israel with 3.0% more than in 2020.
Across all continents, 21.1% of Swiss abroad were under 18 years of age, 56.4% are aged 18 to 64 and 22.5% are 65 years or older. Compared with 2020, their number rose in all age groups by +1.4%, +1.1% and +2.7% respectively. As was the case in 2020, this increase was most pronounced in the over-64s.
Increase in persons with more than one nationality
Three-quarters of Swiss citizens abroad, i.e. 590 500, had at least one other nationality.
The highest percentage of Swiss citizens with more than one nationality was found on the American continent (80.0%). In over half of the American countries in which they lived, the percentage was 75% or more. The highest percentages were seen in South America, particularly in Chile and Argentina, where they were 91.3% and 94.2% respectively.
The lowest percentage of Swiss citizens abroad with more than one nationality was found in Asia (63.1%). In many Asian countries, Swiss citizens did not have another nationality. Some countries, however, stood out due to their high percentage of Swiss citizens with more than one nationality. Israel is a case in point (85.0%).
Since 2017, the number of Swiss citizens with more than one nationality rose by 5.3% across the continents. In fact, growth was positive in Asia (+6.7%), in Europe (+6.5%), in Oceania (+4.8%) and in the Americas (+2.9%). In the same period, however, the number of Swiss citizens with more than one nationality fell by 2.8% in Africa.
More emigration and less immigration
Since 1992, the net migration of Swiss citizens has been negative, i.e. their emigration has been greater than their immigration. In 2020, due to the particular situation worldwide, Swiss departures fell, while arrivals in Switzerland rose, reducing net migration to –279 persons.
In 2021, emigrations rose again while immigrations once again declined at +11.5% and –12.5% respectively, according to provisional figures from the Population and Household Statistics. In 2021, 28 700 persons left Switzerland and 22 300 arrived. Net migration was –6431 person (–7397 in 2019).
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