The income and expenditure of private households in Switzerland are presented here in the form of overview tables of the household budget.
Income components are displayed as positive numbers whereas the expenditure ones are displayed as negative numbers.
This allows subtotals, such as gross income, disposable income or savings, to be shown in a transparent and understandable way.
|Amount in francs per month per household (mean) and percentage distribution (100%: gross income) |
|Income from employment ||7'061 b||71.9%|
|- Employee income||6'221 c||63.4%|
|- Income from self-employment||840 d||8.6%|
|Investment income (incl. rental)||492 e||5.0%|
|Primary income ||7'553 c||76.9%|
|Pensions and social security benefits||2'110 c||21.5%|
|- Old age/invalidity pensions (1st pillar)||933 c||9.5%|
|- Pensions from occupational insurance funds (2nd pillar)||742 c||7.6%|
|- Social security benefits and daily allowances||435 d||4.4%|
|Financial transfer income from other households||153 e||1.6%|
|Gross income||9'817 b||100.0%|
|Compulsory transfer expenditure||-2'867 b||-29.2%|
|- Social security contributions||-989 c||-10.1%|
|- Taxes||-1'218 c||-12.4%|
|- Health insurance: basic insurance||-661 a||-6.7%|
|Financial transfer expenditure to other households||-161 d||-1.6%|
|Disposable income ||6'789 b||69.2%|
|Other insurances, fees and transfers||-525 c||-5.3%|
|- Health insurance: complementary insurance||-154 c||-1.6%|
|- Other insurances||-163 c||-1.7%|
|- Fees and other charges||-57 c||-0.6%|
|- Donations and other transfers||-151 d||-1.5%|
|Consumption expenditure||-4'564 b||-46.5%|
|- Food and non-alcoholic beverages||-641 b||-6.5%|
|- Alcoholic beverages and tobacco||-102 c||-1.0%|
|- Hotels and restaurants||-343 c||-3.5%|
|- Clothing and footwear||-138 c||-1.4%|
|- Housing and energy||-1'411 b||-14.4%|
|- Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance||-207 c||-2.1%|
|- Health||-237 c||-2.4%|
|- Transport||-630 c||-6.4%|
|- Communication||-175 b||-1.8%|
|- Entertainment, recreation and culture||-394 c||-4.0%|
|- Other goods and services||-286 d||-2.9%|
|Sporadic income ||182 d||1.8%|
|Number of persons per household||2.12 b|
a Very good: variation coefficient < 1%.
b Good: variation coefficient of ≥ 1% to < 2%.
c Quite good: variation coefficent of ≥ 2% to < 5%.
d Adequate: variation coefficient of ≥ 5% to < 10%.
e Poor: variation coefficent of ≥ 10%.
 Due to rounding, the numbers may not add up to the total shown.
 Including social security contributions from the employee but not from the employer.
 The concept of disposable income used here is not compatible with that used in the national accounts.
 Sporadic income (gifts received, sales and reimbursements) are not included in the calculation of the gross income. FSO – HBS 2020
The file with the overview tables contains supplementary indicators like the household composition or the share of specific categories of households (for example, the proportion of tenant households).
Detailed tables with more than 500 indicators on expenditure (structured along five hierarchical levels) are also available, as well as tables with indicators on consumed quantities of food and beverages, and fuels.
The household budget by household characteristics
The indicators presented above, which are means over all households in Switzerland, give a good insight into the average household budget in Switzerland. Yet these numbers don't illustrate the variations due to household composition, income situation or other dimensions.
Separate tables for different subgroups can show those variations. However, due to the rather small annual HBS sample size (3452 households in 2020), tables for subgroups are only available based on a pooled sample of three years.
Overview tables are available split into the following subgroups (downloadable EXCEL file in French, also available in German and Italian):
Additionally, there are overview tables for the following household types (combined with other dimensions):
Complete table series with the household budget
The tables above are also available in one EXCEL file as complete sets for each three-year pooled sample (in French, available in German or Italian as well):
Concerning income and expenditure, there are analyses available on the following themes (these reports in French are also available in German):
The report on the distribution of wealth was compiled by the Federal Department of Finance in collaboration with the Federal Statistical Office. It principally analyses the following aspects: the development of income and wealth and their components, their primary distribution and redistribution as well as the structure and development of use of the income.
This publication on the distribution of wealth in Switzerland is available in French and German.
Répartition de la richesse en Suisse (PDF, 3 MB, 16.12.2022) - Rapport du Conseil fédéral en réponse au postulat 15.3381 déposé par la Commission de l’économie et des redevances du Conseil national le 14 avril 2015
Verteilung des Wohlstands in der Schweiz (PDF, 3 MB, 16.12.2022) - Bericht in Erfüllung des Postulats 15.3381 Kommission für Wirtschaft und Abgaben des Nationalrates vom 14.04.2015
The report on income inequality and its redistribution by the government describes the components, the distribution and the redistribution of the incomes of private households from 1998 to 2009.
This report in French is also available in German.
The report on the financial situation of households analyses the income components and distribution of private households from both the macro- and micro-economic perspectives. The analysis is based mainly on National Accounts data from 1990 to 2004 and on Income and Consumption Survey results from 1998 to 2004.
This report in French is also available in German.
These tables in French are also available in German or Italian.
This publication in French (nr. 1088-1100) presenting the HBS 2011 results is also available in German or Italian.
This publication in French (nr. 014-0304) on the HBS weighting model is also available in German.
Statistical sources and concepts