Data and explanations


All key figures for all the cantons are available in the Excel file that can be downloaded below.

Explanations of data from the Structural survey

A number of data in these portraits come from the structural survey which forms part of the new population census:

  • Main language
  • Religious affiliation
  • Net activity rate
  • Homeownership rate
  • Main mode of transport of employed persons
  • Education level

The structural survey is a random sample survey of 200,000 persons. As random sample surveys are comprised of only a fraction of the target population, their findings are always marked by a degree of uncertainty. This uncertainty depends on the size of the sample, the non-response rate and the distribution of the observed variables in the statistical population. It can be quantified by calculating a confidence interval which grows wider as the results become more imprecise. Such quantification presupposes that the sample has been randomly selected from the statistical population. This is always the case for the Federal Statistical Office's random sample surveys.

Due to the uncertainty of the results, no values are shown for cantons with fewer than 50 observations or a coefficient of variation greater than 10%. The confidence interval at 95% should not be more than +/-20% in relation to the value measured. The population includes all persons in the permanent resident population aged 15 or older (for the main language the entire resident population), except for residents of collective households, diplomats, international officials and their relatives. The reference day coincides with the register survey day (31 December).

Additional explanations of key figures


Federal Statistical Office Service ThemaKart
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel



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