Road vehicles - Stock, level of motorisation


Stock of vehicles

Between 2000 and 2020, the road vehicle stock (excluding mopeds) increased by 36% to 6.2 million. Passenger cars accounted for around three quarters of this stock; for some time there has been a trend towards hybrid and electric vehicles. In 2020, 43 400 all-electric vehicles were registered, representing 0.9% of all passenger cars. The canton of Zug had the highest rate of electric vehicles at 2.0%.

A considerable increase has also been seen among motorcycles and light goods vehicles: their stock has risen by more than 50% since 2000.

In 2015, 65% of all households owned at least one bicycle. 7% of households had an e-bike.

Road motor vehicles in Switzerland
  2000 2019 2020 p
Total stock (without mopeds) 4 584 718 6 160 262 6 241 142
3 545 247 4 623 952 4 658 335

of which petrol-driven

3 402 309 3 099 442 3 087 390

of which diesel-driven

141 863 1 382 645 1 379 077

of which hybrid vehicles (petrol-electric, diesel-electric)

0 98 399  133 708

of which all-electric vehicles

754 28 716  43 396

average age of passenger cars (years)

6.9 8.7   9.0
Passenger transport vehicles 40 260 83 054  88 293
278 518 440 795  452 187

of which light vehicles (up to 3.5 t)

229 339 387 991  399 935

of which heavy vehicles (more than 3.5 t)

49 179 52 804  52 252
Agricultural vehicles 177 963 193 834  195 082
Industrial vehicles 48 949 74 085  75 659
Motorcycles 493 781 744 542  771 586
Mopeds including fast E-bikes1 218 932 211 283 ...
Note: stock as of 30 September, except mopeds (usually stock as of 31 December)
p provisional data
1) All e-bikes requiring a moped registration plate
Sources: FSO – Moped survey, conducted by the cantons; FSO, FEDRO – Stock of road vehicles (MFZ)

Level of motorisation

In 2019, there were an average of 541 passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants in Switzerland, with considerable regional differences: Particularly in urban agglomerations with a dense public transport network, the level of motorisation was considerably below the Swiss average.


Public road transport vehicles

Approximately 6700 public road transport vehicles were registered in 2015. Four fifths of these vehicles were buses. Their stock has risen by 26% since 2000. In parallel, the stock of trams has increased by 5%, whereas the number of trolley buses has fallen by 15%. This decline is primarily due to the acquisition of larger vehicle combinations and larger vehicles.

Public transport vehicles
  1990 2000 2015
Total stock 5 833 5 668 6 736
Tramways 953 741 778
Trolley buses 697 646 548
Buses
4 183 4 281 5 410
Source: FSO – Public transport statistics (TP)

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Switzerland
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