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In 2023, 47 719 farms were surveyed. Organic farming is practiced by 7896 farms on close to 19% of the land.

Animal production - plant production

Most farms keep animals. Milk and meat are the main products. 

At a glance

The agricultural statistics show changes in the number of farms, jobs, utilised areas, livestock and other data. Time series allow the development of important key figures to be shown over several years.

According to the constitution, the Confederation shall ensure that the agricultural sector, by means of a sustainable and market oriented production policy, makes an essential contribution towards the reliable provision of the population with foodstuffs, the conservation of natural resources and the upkeep of the countryside and the decentralised population settlement of the country. Agriculture has multifunctional tasks.

It is undergoing structural change: this can be seen in a decline in the number of farms and jobs, an increase in the size of farms, changes in livestock data and the way farms are run in general.

Structure of farms
  Total 2023 of which organic % organic
Farms  47 719  7 896 16.5%
Farm workers  148 880  27 656 18.6%
Utilised agricultural area (ha) 1 042 030  190 007 18.2%
Average utilised agricultural area per farm (ha)   22   24  
Cattle 1 528 595  221 418 14.5%
Pigs 1 324 415  36 406 2.7%
Source: FSO – Farm structure survey

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Federal Statistical Office Sections Environment, Sustainable Development, Territory and Economic Structure and Analyses
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
+41 58 463 62 66

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