Penalties for juveniles - Measures of protection

Data on court-ordered sentences and measures of protection stated in a judgment have been available in the JUSUS and JUSAS databases since 1999. Since 2020, figures have also been available for provisional measures of protection ordered.

The following sanctions can be imposed under juvenile law: Custodial sentence, personal performance (community service), fines or a caution. An exemption from punishment can also be pronounced. The following (provisional) measures can be imposed: placement in a closed or open institution, outpatient treatment, individual care and supervision.

Main sanctions, measures and pre-trial detention, 2023

Total convictions with main sanction1

23 080

Custodial sentence

1 072

unsuspended

348

partially suspended

99

suspended

625

Personal performance

6 562

unsuspended

4 903

partially suspended

753

suspended

906

Fine only

5 907

unsuspended

5 408

partially suspended

169

suspended

330

Caution

8 901

Measures only

14

Exemption from punishment

596

Total verdicts with measures

348

inpatient measures

40

outpatient measures

335

Source: Statistics on criminal convictions and enforcement of juvenile sanctions (JUSAS), state of the database: 16.05.2024

¹ One main sanction is established per verdict and this is the only one shown in the table. For this reason sanctions are ranked according to their severity and only the most severe sanction is shown. A custodial sentence is considered to be the most severe sanction for minors, followed by personal performance, fines, cautions and lastly exemption from punishment.

Out-patient protection measure (provisional order)

With the new JUSAS statistics, the FSO receives all the provisional decisions pronounced in application of the Swiss Criminal Code for minors. Among the provisional measures of protection ordered, the FSO distinguishes between those that lead to placements outside the family and those keeping the juvenile offenders in their family. The below table shows these information.

Persons concerned by an out-patient protection measure (provisional order), 2023

Total

313

Out-patient monitoring

9

Monitoring

24

Personal assistance

154

Out-patient treatment

102

Contact and geographical ban without EM

15

Contact and geographical ban with EM

9

Source: Statistics on criminal convictions and enforcement of juvenile sanctions (JUSAS), state of the database: 16.05.2024

Further information

Tables

Tables on juvenile sanctions

Publications

Publication to be downloaded in German

Publication to be downloaded in French

Press Releases

Historical data

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).

https://www.bfs.admin.ch/content/bfs/en/home/statistiken/kriminalitaet-strafrecht/strafjustiz/jugendstrafen-schutzmassnahmen.html