Domestic violence

Since the revision of the police crime statistics (PCS) in 2009, detailed statistical information is available on domestic crimes reported to the police as well as on the victims and persons charged.

From a statistical point of view violence in a closed social environment is not defined by legal provisions but is derived from the relationship between the defendant and the victim. For these criminal offences, cantonal police authorities record the nature of the relationship at the time of the incident between the defendant and victim. If the relationship between the defendant and victim is an ongoing or former partnership, a parent-child relationship or another relationship within the family, the offences reported by the police are be assigned to domestic violence.

Domestic offences reported to the police

In 2021, 19 341 domestic offences were reported and registered by the police. Compared with the previous year this represents a decrease of 3,9% (- 783 offences).

 

2020

2021

Total

20 124

19 341

Homicides completed (art. 111–113/116)

28

23

Homicides attempted (art. 111-113/116)

61

46

Inciting and assisting suicide (art. 115)

1

1

Illegal abortion without the consent of the pregnant woman (art. 118 para. 2) 

0

4

Serious assault (art. 122)

124

108

Common assault (art. 123)

2 123

2 028

Female genital mutilation (art. 124)

1

2

Acts of aggression (art. 126)

6 576

6 434

Abandonment (art. 127)

5

6

Endangering life (art. 129)

141

106

Administering substances capable of causing injury to children (art. 136)

17

11

Defamation (art. 173)

259

256

Willful defamation (art. 174)

251

219

Insult (art. 177)

3 815

3 611

Misuse of a telecommunications installation (art. 179septies)

532

526

Threatening behaviour (art. 180)

4 220

4 055

Coercion (art. 181)

857

829

Forced marriage, forced registered partnership (art. 181a)

1

8

False imprisonment and abduction (art. 183)

128

111

Aggravating circumstances (art. 184)

2

2

Hostage taking (art. 185)

0

0

Sexual acts with children (art. 187)

390

393

Sexual acts with dependent persons (art. 188)

1

2

Indecent assault (art. 189)

229

198

Rape (art. 190)

268

244

Sexual acts with persons incapable of judgement or resistance (art. 191)

34

42

Exploitation of a person in a position of need or dependency (art. 193)

0

1

Sexual harassment (art. 198)

54

69

Acts preparatory to the commission of an offence (art. 260bis)

6

6

State of the database: 17.02.2022
Source: Federal Statistical Office - Police Crime Statistics (PCS) 2021

Share of domestic violence in violence registered by the police

As the PCS’s overall definition of violence does not coincide with that of domestic violence, the share of domestic violence in violence registered by the police can only be established based on domestic offences reported by the police. In 2019 this share was 40%.

Relationship between victim and defendant

The following graphic shows that in 2019, 52% of the 19 669 offences of domestic violence recorded by the police, occurred in an existing and 28% in a former partnership. Table "Domestic violence: - Domestic offences reported to the police by relationship" shows the distribution across the different offences by relationship.

Severe violence: victims and defendants of completed homicide

In the PCS the following SCC articles are grouped together under homicide: art. 111, intentional homicide, art. 112 murder, art. 113 manslaughter and art. 116 infanticide.

In 2021, 23 people of whom 20 were female, died from domestic violence. 57% of the 23 homicides took place in an existing partnership. The 23 completed homicides were carried out by 22 defendants, of whom 19 were men.

Further information

Tables

Graphs

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Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Crime and Criminal Justice
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

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