This composite indicator provides information on working conditions that are known to be difficult as experienced by the different population groups. Atypical working hours (at night, on Sundays or on-call) constitute a challenge for social and family life. They make it harder to have contact with friends and acquaintances during leisure time, and consequently, to integrate into society. Furthermore, night work, in particular, can impact negatively on a person’s health and health problems can have a detrimental effect on social integration.
In 2020, 14% of employees in Switzerland worked atypical hours, i.e. at night (4%), on Sunday (8%) or on-call (6%). Analysis of results by migration status shows that the population with a migration background from the first generation has the highest proportion of employees with atypical working hours (17% against 13% for the population without a migration background and 12% for the second or subsequent generations). Regardless of the form of atypical working hours (at night, on Sunday, on-call), the first generation shows higher rates than the population without a migration background and the second or subsequent generations. The difference between the first and the second or subsequent generations is however not significant with regard to on-call work.
People’s occupation (ISCO) has an influence on whether they work atypical hours. Service and sales workers, drivers and assemblers, but also unskilled workers, are subject to this type of working hours more than other employees.
Within the same occupation group, the share of the population with and without a migration background affected by atypical working conditions does not vary significantly, with the exception of administrative jobs. In this occupation, the population with a migration background from the first generation is more often confronted with atypical working hours than the other groups (12% compared with 7% in the population with no migration background and 5% in the second generation).
In all major regions, the population with a migration background is the one most likely to work atypical hours. The difference between this population group and the two others is only statistically significant in Espace Mittelland.
The category of employees who work atypical hours is comprised of people who normally work at night, on Sunday and/or on-call.
It is calculated by dividing the number of employees working atypical hours by the number of all employees.