Young people outside the education system

This indicator shows the proportion of young people who find themselves outside the education system before obtaining an upper secondary level qualification. It therefore provides information on pathways within the education system.

From an integration perspective, a decrease in the share of young people outside the education system indicates an improved situation.


Lower secondary level: follows on from primary level, lasts three years and goes from 9th to 11th grade of compulsory schooling.

Upper secondary level: education that follows on from compulsory education. According to the HarmoS Agreement, it starts 11 years after the start of primary level and comprises general education options on the one hand and vocational options on the other. Courses generally last between two and four years and lead to a federal academic or vocational baccalaureate, a specialised school diploma, a Federal VET Diploma or a Federal VET Certificate.


Young people outside the education system are people aged between 18 and 24 who meet the following two conditions:

  • They have completed at most a lower secondary education;
  • They did not attend any formal training during the reference year (2012-2021) or over the four weeks preceding the survey (from 2022).

They are expressed as a percentage of the permanent resident population of corresponding age.


Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuch√Ętel



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