Size of the dwelling

The size of the dwelling is defined by the number of rooms or its surface area.

Number of rooms

At national level, more than half of the housing stock is comprised of dwellings with 3 to 4 rooms.

Dwellings by number of rooms
  1990 2000 2010 2022
Total dwellings 3,159,977 3,569,181 4,079,060 4,741,917
1 room 237,075 241,239 260,047 305,354
2 rooms 463,941 502,636 559,278 707,619
3 rooms 889,145 976,211 1,077,308 1,283,459
4 rooms 824,230 959,666 1,129,971 1,300,126
5 rooms 419,720 524,787 624,469 705,911
6 rooms and more 325,866 364,642 427,987 439,448
Sources: FSO - Federal Population Census, Buildings and dwellings statistics

Floor space of dwellings

In 2022 the average floor space per dwelling was 99m2. The relative stability observed since 2000 (97m2) can be explained by the fact that dwellings built prior to 1981 (60% of the housing stock) have an average floor space of less than 100m2. The size of more recent dwellings, however, is larger, and dwellings built between 2001 and 2005 have an average floor space of 131m2.

Average floor space of dwellings by period of construction, 2022
Period of construction Average floor space
Total   99.0m2
before 1919     96.4m2
1919 - 1945     92.2m2
1946 - 1960     83.8m2
1961 - 1970     83.0m2
1971 - 1980     93.1m2
1981 - 1990     106.8m2
1991 - 2000   112.1m2
2001 - 2005   131.1m2
2006 - 2010   124.7m2
2011 - 2015   115.0m2
2016 - 2022   101.9m2
Source : FSO Buildings and dwellings statistics

Regional analysis shows differences at cantonal level.

Average living space and average surface area per room in the cantons, 2022
  Average living
space in m2
Average surface
area per room in m2
  99.0 27.3
Zurich   97.2 27.7
Bern   95.6 26.5
Lucerne   103.8 27.2
Uri   100.7 25.8
Schwytz   110.1 28.3
Obwalden   103.9 27.6
Nidwalden   107.7 28.2
Glarus   104.8 26.4
Zug   107.3 28.8
Fribourg   103.9 28.0
Solothurn   107.7 27.4
Basel-Stadt   79.4 26.1
Basel-Landschaft   105.3 27.3
Schaffhausen   107.0 27.5
Appenzell Ausserrhoden   111.4 26.5
Appenzell Innerrhoden   114.8 25.4
St. Gallen   104.9 26.5
Graubünden   90.1 26.2
Aargau   111.9 28.3
Thurgau   114.8 28.2
Ticino   97.8 28.3
Vaud   94.3 27.3
Valais   92.7 26.9
Neuchâtel   94.2 26.3
Geneva   85.5 27.8
Jura   102.6 25.2
Source : FSO Buildings and dwellings statistics

Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal statistical office Section Population
Espace de l’Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).

https://www.bfs.admin.ch/content/bfs/en/home/statistiken/bau-wohnungswesen/wohnungen/groesse.html