Dwellings

What's new?

In focus

Home moves

Every year in Switzerland, one in ten people change
their home.

Owners' and tenants' dwellings

The majority of households occupy their homes as tenants.

Overview

One of the aspects of the buildings and dwellings statistics (StatBL) is to quantify the Swiss housing stock and to analyse it according to certain characteristics such as the number of rooms or surface area. It is an exhaustive survey, based on the Federal register of buildings and dwellings. All dwellings are included, regardless of use.

The analysis of housing conditions is another aspect of the StatBL, whose data are partly drawn from a sample (structural population survey), and partly from a register-based survey.

Dwellings in Switzerland

Légende

Dwellings by number of rooms and surface area
  2000   2010   2022
3,569,181 4,079,060 4,741,917
1 room 6.8% 6.4% 6.4
2 rooms 14.1% 13.7% 14.9
3 rooms 27.4% 26.4% 27.1
4 rooms 26.9% 27.7% 27.4
5 rooms 14.7% 15.3% 14.9
6 rooms and more 10.2% 10.5% 9.3
82.3%* 100.0%   100.0%
less than 60 m2 15.3% 17.4%   18.0%
60-119 m2 46.2% 55.8%   54.3%
120 m2 and over 20.8% 26.7%   27.7%
* missing data have not been accounted Sources: FSO - Federal Population Census, Buildings and dwellings statistics

In 2022, the Swiss housing stock comprised 4.7 million dwellings. Half of them were situated in the five most populated cantons, i.e. Zurich, Bern, Vaud, Aargau and St.Gallen.

Dwellings by canton, 2022
  absolute as %
4,741,917 100.0
Zurich 778,908 16.4
Bern 587,888 12.4
Lucerne 208,942 4.4
Uri 21,419 0.5
Schwytz 82,399 1.7
Obwalden 22,518 0.5
Nidwalden 22,942 0.5
Glarus 23,553 0.5
Zug 61,147 1.3
Fribourg 163,750 3.5
Solothurn 144,304 3.0
Basel-Stadt 115,005 2.4
Basel-Landschaft 147,486 3.1
Schaffhausen 44,804 0.9
Appenzell Ausserrhoden 29,981 0.6
Appenzell Innerrhoden 8,405 0.2
St. Gallen 270,829 5.7
Graubünden 180,966 3.8
Aargau 340,914 7.2
Thurgau 142,622 3.0
Ticino 253,319 5.3
Vaud 432,941 9.1
Valais 271,303 5.7
Neuchâtel 98,542 2.1
Geneva 246,237 5.2
Jura 40,793 0.9
Source: FSO Buildings and dwellings statistics

In 1990, the Swiss housing stock comprised 3.2 million dwellings. In 2022, it was more than 45% larger.

Marked differences can be observed regarding the construction period of dwellings and of the buildings in which they are located.

In Switzerland, in 2022, a little more than one dwelling in five was located in a single-family house and one in three dwellings in a large multi-family house with at least seven dwellings.

Further information

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Statistical sources and concepts

Contact

Federal statistical office Section Population
Espace de l’Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland
Tel.
+41 58 467 25 25

Monday to Friday
09.00–11.30 and 14.00–16.00

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Remark

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