Wage gap

Gross monthly wage by professional position and gender, 2018, Middle value (median), in Swiss francs - private and public sectors combined
Professional position Total Women Men Gap in %
Total 6 538 6 067 6 857 11.52
1+2 10 317 8 872 10 893 18.55
3 8 480 7 756 8 889 12.75
4 7 114 6 670 7 361 9.39
5 5 963 5 674 6 138 7.56
Professional position :
1+2 = Top, upper and middle management
3 = Lower management
4 = Lowest management level
5 = No management function


Analysis of the gender wage gap - Results up to 2018

Due to the measurement method, the arithmetic mean (average) is used to calculate the wage gap instead of the median which is commonly used as the reference value in the FSO’s descriptive analyses. The analysis of the wage gap (explained and unexplained share) based on the Oaxaca model is a breakdown of the difference in average wages.

A one-time analysis of the wages 2008 based on NOGA 2002 and NOGA 2008 was carried out (NOGA = General Classification of Economic Activities). The results vary. Explanation: The mathematical model to analyse the salaries of women and men takes account, among other factors, of the economic branch. The transition from the NOGA 2002 to the NOGA 2008 classification has a corresponding influence on the results.

Explained and unexplained share in gender pay gap - Results based on NOGA 2008 (new standard)
  2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018
Percentage of gap that can be explained: Due to explainable factors 60.4% 62.4% 59.1% 60.9% 57.1% 55.7%
Percentage of gap that can be explained: No explainable reasons for gap 39.6% 37.6% 40.9% 39.1% 42.9%
44.3%
Private sector Source: Swiss Earnings Structure Survey, Calculation Department of Quantitative Economics, University of Fribourg, Büro BASS, B,S,S.Volkswirtschaftliche Beratung AG

Explained and unexplained share in gender pay gap - Results based on NOGA 2002
  1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008
Percentage of gap that can be explained: Due to explainable factors 58,9% 55,6% 58,0% 60,5% 61,4% 61,1%
Percentage of gap that cannot be explained: No explainable reasons for gap 41,1% 44,4% 42,0% 39,5% 38,6% 38,9%
Private sector Source: Swiss Earnings Structure Survey, Calculation Büro BASS and Bern University

Gender pay gap and unexplained share in gender pay gap by economic branch - Private sector, Switzerland 2018
Economic
division (NOGA08)
Economic branch Gender pay gap (mean) Unexplained share in gender pay gap
    in % in CHF in % in CHF
Total private sector 19.6 1 545 44.3 684
10-12 Manufacture of food products and
tobacco

19.1

1 226

63.0

772

13-15 Manufacture of textiles and apparel

28.9

1 927

50.5

973

18 Printing, reproduction of recorded media

21.2

1 502

57.3

860

19-21 Manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceutical products

8.4

881

84.1

741

26-30/33 Manuf. of machinery and equipment

21.7

1 739

53.5

931

35 Energy supply

16.3

1 539

40.3

619

47 Retail trade

17.7

1 087

57.4

624

49-53 Transportation and storage

9.2

595

118.7

706

55-56 Accommodation and food service
activities

8.1

402

48.7

196

58-63 Information and communication

23.8

2 438

44.8

1 093

64-66 Financial and insurance activities

33.4

4 300

30.8

1 324

68 Real estate activities

22.7

1 980

32.2

638

69-75 Professional, scientific and technical activities

26.6

2 813

25.2

708

85 Education

13.5

1 148

58.7

677

86-88 Human health and social work activities

19.1

1 519

28.1

426

90-93 Arts, entertainment and recreation

16.6

1 243

50.9

633

94-96 Other service activities

21.3

1 696

34.1

579


Gender pay gap and unexplained share in gender pay gap - Public sector (Confederation, cantons, districts, communities, corporations, churches), Switzerland 2018
  Gender pay gap (mean) Unexplained share in gender pay gap
  in % in CHF in % in CHF
Totale public sector 18.1 1 618 37.2
602

Further information

On behalf of the Swiss Federal Statistical Office and the Federal Office for Gender Equality, regular, in-depth analyses of gender wage gaps were made.

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Federal Statistical Office Section Wages and Working Conditions
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

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