Young people in the labour market

As a consequence of demographic ageing and an increase in the average length of education and training, the share of persons aged 15 to 24 years in the economically active population fell from 17.4% in 1991 to 11.7% in 2021. 

In 2021, the activity rate of young persons aged 15 to 24 was 65.4% (men: 66.5%; women: 64.2%). A quarter of young people (25.3%) worked part time with a noticeable gap between men (17.7%) and women (33.5%).

In 2021, almost all (94.8%) economically active persons aged 15 to 24 were employees with 35.3% doing an apprenticeship. The rest worked in a family business (2.0%) or were self-employed (3.2%). 26.3% of young employees (excluding apprentices) have a fixed-term contract with their employer, of which 8.7% were on a paid internship. The share of employees with a fixed-term contract increased by 10.6 points compared to 2002 (15.8%).

The unemployment rate as defined by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) was 8.8% in 2021 among economically active persons aged 15 to 24.

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Federal Statistical Office Section Labour Force
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