On the one hand, Environmental Accounts provide economic information on the environment. On the other hand, they provide environmental information on the economy. Environmental Accounts are based on the same principles as the National Accounts (NA), which they complement with an ecological dimension. Therefore, they are considered satellite accounts of the NA. Methodologies were developed by the Statistical Office of the European Union (EUROSTAT) based on the System of Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA) of the UN.
In Switzerland monetary and physical environmental accounts are compiled, as well as an asset account for natural resources.
The monetary flow accounts provide information on financial transactions related to the environment:
- Environmental protection expenditure
- Environmental subsidies and other transfers
- Environmental taxes
- Environmental goods and services sector
The physical flow accounts provide information on the physical flows, which run through the economy:
The asset accounts for natural resources provide information on the stocks of natural resources and their variations:
Statistical sources and concepts