MONET – Freight transport

Environmental pollution should be reduced as much as possible

Freight transport is an essential part of a healthy economy. However, goods transport – in particular the transport of goods by road – causes problems such as pollutant emissions and contributes to the depletion of resources. The aim is, therefore, to keep freight transport performance as low as possible in relation to the economy's total output.

Freight transport intensity is decreasing
  • Between 1996 and 2006, freight transport performance grew faster than the national economy. This means that per franc of the gross domestic product (GDP), more goods were transported or more kilometres were covered.
  • Since 2006, the intensity of freight transport has tended to decline, as the GDP has grown faster than the freight transport performance.
  • In 2016, around 28 billion tonnes-kilometres were covered on both road and rail.
  • Whereas in the early 1980s rail transport accounted for roughly half of all goods transport, in 2016 it accounted for only 39%.



Federal Statistical Office Section Environment, Sustainable Development, Territory
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel



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