Greenhouse gases are down by at least 50 per cent compared with 1990. Greenhouse gas emissions are reduced to net zero by 2050 at the latest.
Climate-related risks are minimised, opportunities are made use of, population, environment, property and natural resource base are protected and the society, economy and environment are more resilient to these risks.
- Working title: Heat-related deaths
The number of damaging events affecting settlements is falling and their effects are diminishing compared with the 2005-2015 period.
- Working title: Damaged caused by natural disasters in settlement areas (the existing indicator will be adjusted so as to focus on settlement areas)
People, authorities, enterprises, decision-makers, professionals and consumers have adequate information and agency to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change.
Lowering energy consumption, using energy more efficiently and expanding renewable energy sources
A 43-per cent reduction in average annual per capita energy consumption and a 13-per cent reduction in power consumption by 2035 is achieved, as compared to the situation in the year 2000.
A sufficient, highly diversified, reliable, profitable and environment-friendly energy supply as well as the resilience of the requisite infrastructure is guaranteed.
A steady increase in the share of cost-efficient renewable energies in overall energy consumption is achieved. Expanding the output of hydroelectric power, bringing production in Switzerland to at least 37,400 GW/h by 2035. Efforts will be made to expand power generation from other renewable energy sources such that domestic output will be at least 17,000 GW/h by 2035.
Preserving, sustainably using, promoting and regenerating biodiversity
The state of conservation of local species, especially populations of national priority species, is improved and to the extent possible, their extinction averted. Genetic diversity is preserved.
Biological diversity as well as ecosystem services are restored and preserved. Their sustainable and site-appropriate use is encouraged. People and environment are under no threat from invasive alien species. Their spread is controlled and new introductions are prevented.
Negative impacts of existing financial incentives on biodiversity and landscape quality are identified and if possible eliminated. New financial incentives are examined for their impact on the environment. New positive incentives are created where this is useful.
- Biodiversity related expenditure (until further notice)
To secure space for the long-term conservation of biodiversity, at least 17 per cent of the land area is protected through properly maintained, environmentally representative and well interconnected systems of protected areas and other effective site-related conservation measures, and integrated into the surrounding landscape. The ecological infrastructure is developed and reinforced. The status of priority national habitats is improved.
As far as possible, some water bodies with heavily built-up shores will be restored to their natural state. Sufficient space will be set aside for all bodies of water and managed extensively as areas reserved for promoting biodiversity. To the extent possible, the adverse impacts of the use of waterbodies for hydropower (hydropeaking, sediment transport, fish migration) are eliminated by 2030.
Soil function is guaranteed for the long term. Soil use causes no physical, chemical or biological stresses that in turn compromise soil function and hence soil fertility on a lasting basis. Degraded soils are restored and improved so that they are again able to fulfil the functions typical for their location. By 2030, soil consumption is reduced by one-third, compared to 2020. There will be no more net soil loss as of 2050.