SDG 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
«A successful sustainable development agenda requires partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society. These inclusive partnerships built upon principles and values, a shared vision, and shared goals that place people and the planet at the centre, are needed at the global, regional, national and local level. […] Long-term investments, including foreign direct investment, are needed in critical sectors, especially in developing countries. These include sustainable energy, infrastructure and transport, as well as information and communications technologies. […]»
Excerpt from Swiss target 17.2: As a long-term objective for the amount of official development assistance, the Confederation recognises in principle the target of 0.7% of gross national income […]
Significance of the indicator
The indicator shows how much money Switzerland spends on development cooperation. Aid is shown in relation to Switzerland's gross national income (GNI). Official development assistance supports developing and in transition countries where it aims to make a contribution to combating poverty. Sustainable development seeks to increase official development assistance.
The values are calculated in accordance with OECD standards and are internationally comparable.
The indicator shows official development assistance as share of gross national income (GNI) at market prices. The gross national income is used instead of gross national product to allow international comparisons.
The Swiss official development assistance (ODA) contributions essentially comprises the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) budgets, the two federal agencies which are commissioned to execute the Federal Act on International Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid. Other federal offices as well as 24 cantons and about 200 municipalities also participate in Switzerland’s international cooperation. Gross national income (GNI) is calculated by the Federal Statistical Office (FSO) within the framework of the National Accounts. The indicator is published annually by the SDC.
The National Accounts were revised in 2014 and in 2020 in line with the European System of National Accounts (ESNA 2010). In addition, an extraordinary partial revision was conducted in 2022. Based on these revisions, the whole time series of the indicator has been recalculated. The revised values of the indicator are 0.02 percentage points lower on average, as the revisions resulted in an increase in GNI.
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD, whose guidelines are used to calculate official development assistance, decided after the revisions that the figures should not be adjusted retroactively. The SDC followed this principle and did not recalculate the time series. Until and including 2012, the SDC uses the GNI according to ESNA 1995. From 2013 onwards, the SDC uses the GNI according to ESNA 2010. For the period 2013-2016, the state as of 27.08.2019 applies. For 2017-2020, the SDC uses the GNI according to the 2020 revision of the National Accounts, state as of 26.08.2021. From 2021 onwards, the GNI with the respective state at the time of reporting to the OECD applies. Therefore, the FSO data published here for the years 1990-2021 differ slightly from the SDC data. The time series of the SDC applies to the official reporting.
Swiss target 17.2: As a long-term objective of the amount of official development assistance, the Confederation recognises in principle the target of 0.7% of gross national income and the targets of 0.15% and 0.2% of gross national income for the least developed countries.
International target 17.2: Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national income for official development assistance (ODA/GNI) to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries.
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