Information on the system

  • Is Switzerland on the pathway to sustainable development?
  • What are the positive and negative developments?
  • What impact does Switzerland and our way of life have on other countries?

The MONET 2030 indicator system gives an overview of sustainable development in Switzerland, providing a picture of the progress made towards the 17 sustainable development goals (SDG) of the United Nations 2030 Agenda as well in relation to certain topics specific to Switzerland. Comprising over 100 indicators on three environmental, social and economic aspects, the system is structured around the 17 SDGs. Three cross-sectional approaches, "global impacts and responsibilities", "gender equality" and "social cohesion" highlight certain connections and interdependencies with the SDGs. 24 key indicators present a brief summary of sustainable development in Switzerland. Lastly, a selection of indicators from the system ensure the monitoring of the Federal Council’s sustainable development strategy.

Partner Federal Offices

The MONET 2030 indicator system is a joint activity between the Federal Statistical Office (FSO), who has overall responsibility for it, and the Federal Office for Spatial Development (ARE), the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG), the Federal Office for the Protection of the Population (FOPP), the Federal Office for Public Health (FOPH), the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs State Secretariat (STS/FDFA), the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) as well as the Federal Finance Administration (FFA).

2030 Agenda

Since 2015, the United Nations 2030 Agenda has provided the global reference framework, guiding the nations’ sustainable development activities. The Agenda comprises 17 sustainable development goals (SGDs) broken down into 169 targets. Some of these targets, translated into the Swiss context, are measured by 85 indicators. The targets to be measured were selected on the basis of their relevance to the Swiss context and the need to limit the number of indicators. The full list of targets, together with a qualitative assessment of the state of their implementation, is available on the SDGital2030 platform.

Swiss topics

Despite the wealth of topics covered in the 2030 Agenda, certain aspects that are important to sustainable development in Switzerland such as culture, mobility and transport or social cohesion are not - or hardly - touched upon. The monitoring of sustainable development in Switzerland is, therefore, not limited to the goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda translated into Switzerland’s context, but also includes around twenty indicators related to issues specific to our country. These indicators are those that do not have the SDG symbol (coloured ring) in the "All indicators" table. As they do not stem from the 2030 Agenda, they are linked to one of the principles of sustainable development.


The use of a reference framework and a typology to build an indicator system allows to identify gaps, amongst other things. A gap is an indicator that cannot be produced due to methodological reasons or to lack of data. By defining gaps in this way, the statistical system's needs in terms of development are highlighted. Gaps are detected using a participative process that involves the stakeholders of the subjects being dealt with. The document below presents the gaps identified in the MONET 2030 indicator system when it was published in October 2019. These gaps will be filled in line with future developments in the Swiss statistical system.

Uses and limits

The purpose of the MONET 2030 indicator system is to monitor sustainable development and the 2030 Agenda goals in Switzerland. Monitoring involves the systematic collection, analysis and presentation of data over a long period of time in order to present coherent information on the way a phenomenon is developing or on a specific topic. Indicators are statistical information designed for a specific purpose and within a given context, in this case such as monitoring one of the 2030 Agenda goal or an important aspect of sustainable development in Switzerland.

Gathered in a system comprising a modelling of sustainable development processes (typology) and a reference frame, the MONET 2030 indicators provide an overview of sustainable development in Switzerland and can thus help identify future challenges, detect any incoherent trends and make fact-based decisions. In this respect they are a global steering tool for sustainable development policy. The indicators cannot, however, be used to evaluate or monitor specific policy programmes. It is often the case that no direct causal relationship exists between the political steps or actions taken and the development or status of the indicators. External events that cannot be controlled or directly linked to the measures taken can also influence the realisation of goals.


The MONET project, which stands for Monitoring der nachhaltigen Entwicklung, was launched in spring 2000 by the Federal Statistical Office, the Federal Office for the Environment and the Federal Office for Spatial Development, with the aim of developing a system of indicators to measure sustainable development in Switzerland. The aim of this project was to provide a monitoring tool, in this case a system of indicators, to determine the extent to which Switzerland was meeting its commitment to define and implement a sustainable development policy. This commitment, made at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, is also enshrined in the revised Federal Constitution of 1999.
The first system of indicators was published in autumn 2003. It included more than 150 indicators, of which only around a hundred were published, organised into 26 themes covering the three dimensions of sustainable development: economy, society and environment. The system was based on an interpretation of the Brundtland definition, translated and clarified by 45 principles of sustainable development, which constituted the system's frame of reference, as well as on a typology of indicators describing the main processes of sustainable development: covering needs, capital stocks, capital appreciation and depreciation, efficiency and disparities, and measures taken (reactions). The construction of the system and the approaches used are documented in the following document (available only in French and German).


The system subsequently underwent several developments and revisions:

Further information


Press Releases


Statistical sources and concepts


Federal Statistical Office Section Environment, Sustainable Development, Territory
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