MONET 2030: Women in National Council and in cantonal parliaments


SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Swiss target 5.5: Gender equality is guaranteed at work and at home. The comprehensive and effective participation of women at all decision levels of economic, political and public life is ensured.

Significance of the indicator
This indicator shows the proportion of women in the National Council and in cantonal parliaments. It illustrates one way in which women can participate in political life. A gender balance in political bodies encourages the integration of different gender perspectives in political decisions, which in turn contributes to the achievement of gender equality. An increase in female participation in parliaments is therefore a step towards sustainable development.

International comparability
The comparisons between the proportions of women in the national parliaments are made by the UN and the Inter-Parliamentary Union. However, the portion of women in cantonal parliaments cannot be compared at international level.


Tables

Methodology

This indicator shows the percentage of women in the National Council and in cantonal parliaments. The data relating to the proportion of women in the National Council and in cantonal parliaments are taken from the voting and election statistics compiled by the Federal Statistical Office.

For National Council elections, the figures show the situation on polling day. For cantonal parliament elections, the most recent results preceding the National Council elections for each canton are taken into account (exception: 2011 – situation at 13 November (the elections in Fribourg took place shortly after the National Council elections; 2015 – situation at 18 October 2015). The proportion of women in cantonal parliaments was determined using aggregate values from all cantons that held cantonal parliament elections between two National Council elections. It consists of the number of seats occupied by women in all cantonal parliaments and the total number of seats available in all cantons. Appenzell Ausserrhoden (AA) introduced women’s suffrage in 1989 and Appenzell Innerrhoden (AI) in 1990. These two cantons are therefore taken into account only since 1991. For 1971, no data are shown as only a small number of cantons had already introduced the right for women to vote and stand for election.

Communal parliaments are not considered in this indicator as they do not all have this right and the statistics only consider statistical towns or, pre-2015, only communes with over 10 000 inhabitants.

Targets

Swiss target 5.5: Gender equality is guaranteed at work and at home. The comprehensive and effective participation of women at all decision levels of economic, political and public life is ensured.

International target 5.5: Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Environment, Sustainable Development, Territory
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

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