MONET 2030: Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture


SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Excerpt from Swiss target 2.4: […] A forward-looking agriculture adapts itself to climate change, reduces agricultural pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, promotes biodiversity and increases its resource efficiency to help reduce Switzerland’s ecological footprint.

Significance of the indicator
The indicate shows emissions of methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N20) linked to agricultural production in Switzerland. More than a third of Switzerland’s territory is used for agriculture. It is therefore a major component of human impact on the environment. A reduction in these emissions, therefore, is a step towards sustainable development.

International comparability
Some of the data used for this indicator is calculated on the basis of international guidelines using the framework methodology of the UN Climate Council (IPCC). International comparisons are, therefore, limited.


Tables

Methodology

The data include emissions of methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N20) generated by:
• direct agricultural production: (digestion of livestock, soil fertilisation and farm manure management),
• farms’ energy consumption;
• input (mineral fertilisers and animal fodder imports) and
• carbon losses due to land use and land-use change (LULUCF).
The calculation methods used to estimate agricultural production, energy consumption and carbon losses are the same used for the national greenhouse gas inventory, completed with other methods. As far as inputs are concerned, a life cycle analysis approach is adopted.
CH4 and N20 emissions are converted into CO2-equivalents (CO2-eq) on the basis of their global warming potential over 100 years. A factor of 21 is used for CH4 and of 310 for N2O.
 

Targets

Excerpt from Swiss target 2.4: […] A forward-looking agriculture adapts itself to climate change, reduces agricultural pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, promotes biodiversity and increases its resource efficiency to help reduce Switzerland’s ecological footprint.

International target 2.4: By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.

Contact

Federal Statistical Office Section Environment, Sustainable Development, Territory
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

Contact

Remark

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