SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
« […] the conservation of biodiversity is essential to social and economic development as well as to the survival of humanity. »
Excerpt from Swiss target 15.4: The landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic diversity in the alpine area are conserved. […] The use of the alpine area protects the landscape and biodiversity
Significance of the indicator
The indicator shows the area of summering pastures recorded in Switzerland. Summering pastures are pastures at altitude used for extensive farming on a seasonal basis. These pastures receive no or little mineral fertiliser, giving rise to a diverse range of specialised species. Summering pastures are open to everyone and offer space for leisure pursuits. Conserving this area is, therefore, a step towards sustainable development.
Help for interpretation
The decline in the total area covered by summering pastures is mostly due to pastures being abandoned for economic reasons. The patchwork aspect of the landscape becomes more uniform, covered with forest areas. Once it has become woodland, it is difficult to reinstate summering pasture, due to current legislation.
This indicator cannot be compared at international level
The indicator shows the total area of summering pastures recorded in Switzerland. Data come from the Federal Statistical Office’s (FSO) land use statistics. The indicator covers the following five land categories: alpine pastures mown for hay, favourable alpine pastures, overgrown alpine pastures, stony alpine pastures and alpine pastures for sheep grazing.
Swiss target 15.4: The landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic diversity in the alpine area are conserved. […] The use of the alpine area protects the landscape and biodiversity.
International target 15.4: By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development.