Victim rate by selected offences

Definitions

A victim is a natural person who has suffered physical, psychological, social or economic harm caused by an illegal act.

The difficulty with the victim rate (VR) is that there are many areas of hidden crime:
- unknown number of offences that are not reported to the police;
- unknown number of offences that are not solved.
For this reason, the VR cannot reflect the real rates of victims but at best the rate of victims calculated, for various groups, based on police reports.

The offences selected are:

- common assault (definition from art. 123 SCC): any person who wilfully causes injury to the persons or the health of another in any other way.
- threatening behaviour (definition from art. 180 SCC): any person who places another in a state of fear and alarm by making a serious threat.
- coercion (definition from art. 181 SCC): any person who, by the use of force or the threat of serious detriment or another restriction of another's freedom to act compels another to carry out an act, to fail to carry out an act or to tolerate an act.

Calculation method:
The victim rate represents the number of victims reported for each of the offences chosen during 5 years, calculated per 1000 inhabitants in the average permanent resident population excluding persons in the asylum process who have been in Switzerland for at least one year (population's arithmetic mean over 5 years).

In contrast to the Population and household statistics (STATPOP), persons in the asylum process who have been in Switzerland for at least one year are not considered as part of the resident population in the Police Crime Statistics (PCS). These statistics continue to consider these persons in the context of asylum, due to lack of information about the length of their stay.

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Some 68 indicators describe the current situation and changes in the integration of the population with a migration background and/or of foreign nationals in Switzerland in eleven areas of life in our society.

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34 key indicators provide an overview of the progress made on the journey towards integration and the state of integration of the population with a migration background. If this information is lacking, the population is shown by nationality, and where this variable is available, the country of birth.

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Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

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