Transition from lower to upper secondary level


The rate of immediate transition to the upper secondary level shows the percentage of school leavers who start post-compulsory education straight away.

School leavers were grouped into the following categories:

1.     Transitory courses between lower and upper secondary level
2.     Basic vocational education
3.     General education courses
4.     No immediate entry into upper secondary level

A school leaver is any pupil aged 13 to 20 who was registered for compulsory schooling in the previous year for the last time. Thus, school leavers from year X are pupils who were recorded in year X-1 in lower secondary level or in special education and who have not been recorded since. The following year X, they may have:

  • started a transitional course of education not leading to a certificate (10th school year, preparatory school or a pre-apprenticeship). This definition of a transitional course of education is thus more restrictive than that used in surveys such as the Statistics on pupils and students (SDL); or
  •  started an upper secondary level course leading to a certificate in the form of basic vocational education and training in preparation for a federal VET diploma or federal proficiency certificate or in a school of general education or an academic matura school; or
  • they may be absent from the education system (i.e. they were not recorded in the statistics on pupils and students (SDL), although, according to the Population and household statistics (STATPOP), they are still in Switzerland.

The reference population does not include school leavers who:

  • were not initially part of the permanent resident population in Switzerland; or
  • were following a foreign programme at compulsory school; or
  • left Switzerland without starting an education and training course leaving to a certificate at upper secondary level.

You can access the indicators in one of the following ways

All indicators

Some 68 indicators describe the current situation and changes in the integration of the population with a migration background and/or of foreign nationals in Switzerland in eleven areas of life in our society.

Key indicators

34 key indicators provide an overview of the progress made on the journey towards integration and the state of integration of the population with a migration background. If this information is lacking, the population is shown by nationality, and where this variable is available, the country of birth.


Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel



Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).