The transition from compulsory education to upper secondary level is a complex period of change. Depending on the pathway chosen, various factors have a smaller or greater influence on the number of people admitted to post-compulsory education and training. From a systemic point of view, the ideal transition takes place directly in the form of upper secondary level education and training leading to a certificate (basic vocational education and training, academic matura or general education school). The rate of immediate transition to a course leading to certification is, therefore, an indicator of a smooth transition. Comparison of the different population groups’ rates provides information on the equality of opportunities for direct access to upper secondary level.
There are major differences by nationality and place of birth in immediate transition after compulsory education.
Basic vocational education and training is the first choice for most population groups, although people born in Switzerland (both Swiss and foreign nationals) are more likely to opt for this type of education than the other population groups (49% and 47% respectively). With regard to general education and training, this is most likely to be chosen by Swiss nationals, born in Switzerland or abroad (33% and 41%). Regardless of their place of birth, the number of young foreign nationals to start a transitory course of education is proportionately around two times greater than that of Swiss nationals.