Recommended by the EU and included in the MEHM (Minimum European Health Module, a module incorporated into European health surveys), this indicator is very well known and used. It covers various areas concerning health (physical, mental and social). Many longitudinal studies have shown that it is a very good predictor of mortality or serious illness. It is thus a good synthetic indicator of the population’s health as it rather subjectively reflects the overall quality of life of individuals implicitly.
The proportion of persons saying that they are in good to very good health varies in a statistically significant way by migration status. Persons from the first generation have the lowest rate (81%), followed by those without a migration background (85%). With a rate of 88%, the second or subsequent generations were more likely to say that they were in good or very good health. This is partly explained by the fact that the population with a migration background is younger than that without a migration background.
From 2012 to 2018, the proportion of persons who said that they were in good to very good health increased in most population groups. This increase was not statistically significant in the population with a migration background from the second or subsequent generations. The population with a migration background from the first generation saw the greatest increase (+2.9 percentage points).
The analysis by canton shows that the rate of persons who self-assessed their health to be good or very good by migration status showed almost the same configuration across the board compared with Switzerland as a whole. Indeed, in most cantons, the first generation had the lowest rates. However, this difference is only significant in the cantons of Zurich, Bern, Lucerne, Solothurn, Basel-Landschaft, Schaffhausen, St. Gallen, Aargau and Thurgau. Another constant was that people from the second or subsequent generations are at the forefront in almost all cantons with rates higher than 80%. These differences are only statistically significant in the cantons of Bern, Uri, Glarus, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino and Neuchâtel.
This indicator is linked to an assessment by the individual of his or her general state of health. More specifically, this concerns the proportion of people who say that they are in good or very good health.