Recommended by the EU, this indicator represents a particular form of labour market participation and integration. The rate of self-employed persons gives information on the representation of the population with a migrant background in entrepreneurship in Switzerland and provides a supplement to the volume of employees.
In 2020, the population without a migration background had a significantly higher rate of self-employed persons with employee(s) than the population with a migration background, regardless of the generation observed (4% compared with 7% for people without a migration background).
During the period from 2012 to 2020, the rate of self-employed persons with employees remained stable in most population groups observed.
In all Swiss major regions, people without a migration background are more likely to be self-employed with employee(s) than people with a migration background. The difference between migration statuses is however not statistically significant in Ticino. The biggest difference between the population without and with a migration background can be observed in Northwest Switzerland (6% compared with 3%).
The rate of self-employed persons with employee(s) enables a certain assessment of the hierarchical situation of employed persons. This type of activity can present an alternative to traditional insertion by means of a salaried job. The indicator is calculated by dividing the number of employed persons whose status is self-employed with employees by the total number of employed persons.