The extent of the risk of relative poverty makes it possible to assess the median distance separating people at-risk-of-poverty from the at-risk-of-poverty threshold and, therefore, to assess the degree of the risk of social exclusion of people belonging to different population groups.
Exposure to the risk of financial poverty is significantly greater for people with a migration background than it is for persons with no migration background (cf. “at-risk-of-poverty rate” indicator). The intensity of poverty differs according to migration status. However, the median distance separating people at risk of poverty from the at-risk-of-poverty threshold is higher in the population with a migration background than in the population without a migration background (26% versus 22%).
The at-risk-of-poverty gap between the different population groups has tendentially increased between 2014 and 2019. In 2019, the difference between the poverty risk gaps of the population with and without a migration background is higher than in all previous years.
The relative median at-risk-of-poverty gap represents the difference, expressed as a percentage of the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, between the median disposable income of people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold and the at-risk-of-poverty threshold (pivot: 60% of equivalised median income). The larger this gap is (the higher the percentage), the farer people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold are from this threshold and therefore monetarily deprived.
For households comprised of several adults with a different migration status, the same value calculated for the entire household is used for people with and without a migration background.
Following changes to the survey framework and improvements in the weighting model, results from 2014 on can no longer be directly compared with those from previous years (series break).