This indicator provides information on low wages and enables a comparison of the percentage of employees affected in the different population groups by migration status. This enables any inequalities on the labour market to be detected.
In 2018, 16% of employees held a low paid job. The rate is 13% among the population without a migration background; this group is the least affected by low wages. In comparison with this group, the population with a migration background has a rate that is 1.3 times higher (20%). With 22% of employees holding a low paid job, the first generation is the group most affected.
Although the share of low wages varies depending on occupation, differences can also be seen when the population is broken down by migration status.
The population with a migration background from the first generation shows a higher percentage of low wages than other migration statuses among all occupations, with the exception of skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers, craft and related trade workers and elementary occupations. In the majority of occupations, the second generation has rates that lie between those of the first generation and the population with no migration background. However, it does have a higher rate of labourers and unskilled workers in low paid jobs than that of the first generation. Among skilled agricultural workers, the population with no migration background has higher rates of low paid jobs than the second generation with a migration background.
The share of low wages differs depending on the major region. The relative differences between people with different migration statuses are, however, comparable. The ratio between the population without a migration background and that with a migration background from the first generation is between 1: 1.4 (Central Switzerland) to 1.8 (Eastern Switzerland). In most of the major regions, the second generation shows a rate that is between 1.1 and 1.3 times as high as the population without a migration background. The highest ratio can be observed in Central Switzerland (1: 1.6).
A job is considered "low wage" when the wages, calculated on the basis of a full-time equivalent of 40 hours per week, are less than two-thirds of the median standardised gross earnings. The scale of the phenomenon of low wages is measured here from the point of view of the population of employees who hold a low wage job. It should be borne in mind that among employees affected by low wages, those who are paid low wages only because they work part-time are not included here.