Included in the MEHM (Minimum European Health Module: a module incorporated into European health surveys), this indicator focuses on health-related limitations in usual activities that have lasted for at least six months. It can reveal a loss in the ability to assume expected roles in society and to carry out regular activities, which can hamper the possibility of social integration.
In Switzerland, in 2018, 23% of the permanent resident population aged 15 and over said that they had been limited or severely limited by a health problem in their usual activities for at least six months. 24% of the population without a migration background said that it was more severely limited than the population of first generation migrants (22%) and the second or subsequent generations (19%).
From 2012 to 2018, regardless the population group observed, no significant change can be seen in the proportion of the permanent resident population aged 15 and over that said they had been limited or severely limited in their activities for at least six months.
In many Swiss cantons, the population with a migration background is less likely to say it is limited by a health problem in its usual activities than the population with no migration background. This difference by migration status is, however, only significant in the cantons of Zurich, Fribourg and Valais (differences of 2.7 to 6.4 percentage points). In the other cantons, the rates between the two groups do not differ significantly.
The indicator is based on the following question from the Swiss Labour Force Survey (SLFS):
To what extent have you been restricted for at least six months by a health problem in activities that people usually do? Would you say that you are...
1. Severely limited?
2. Limited, but not severely?
3. Not limited at all?
The indicator shows the proportion of people who say they are “severely limited” or “limited but not severely” in the whole permanent resident population aged 15 and over, who live in a private household and who answered the question (missing values are excluded).