A household’s housing situation and living conditions depend on its financial means but this is not the only contributing factor. This indicator reveals an aspect of quality of life that may not be the same for each group of the population. Physical, spatial and material comfort is an indicator of integration, especially as it has an influence on the risk of social exclusion.
In 2017, people with a migration background were significantly more likely to face one or more aspects of housing deprivation than those with no migration background (21% compared with 14%).
In 2017, the rate of people living in housing located in a neighbourhood that was considered to be too noisy was significantly higher among persons with a migration background (23%) than those with no such background (14%).
From 2014 to 2017, the share of people confronted with aspects of housing deprivation did not significantly change from a statistical point of view, in both the population with and without a migration background.
Between 2014 and 2017, rates remained stable in both population groups. Consequently, on average, the population with a migration background was 1.6 times more likely to state that they suffered from noise in the neighbourhood where they lived than the group with no migration background.
In Northwest Switzerland and in Eastern Switzerland, the population with a migration background was significantly more likely to be subject to aspects of housing deprivation than the population without a migration background. In the other major regions, the differences between the population with and without a migration background were not statistically significant.
As far as the proportion of people living in a neighbourhood that is considered as being too noisy is concerned, all major regions, with the exception of Espace Mittelland and Ticino, showed statistically significant differences of more than 20 percentage points between those with and without a migration background.
The indicator uses two criteria to analyse housing conditions:
1) The indicator is defined as the percentage of the population faced with at least one of the following four major housing problems:
• damp housing (leaking roof; damp walls, floors or foundations; rotten window frames or floors),
• too dark,
• no shower or bath,
• no private indoor flushing toilet.
2) Percentage of people living in a noisy neighbourhood.
A single member of the household was asked these questions and the answers are imputed to all household members. For households comprised of several adults with a different migration status, the same value is entered for persons with a migration background and for those without.
Following changes to the survey framework and improvements in the weighting model, results from 2014 on can no longer be directly compared with those from previous years (series break).