This composite indicator provides information on working conditions that are known to be difficult as experienced by the different population groups. Atypical working hours (at night, on Sundays or on-call) constitute a challenge for social and family life. They make it harder to have contact with friends and acquaintances during leisure time, and consequently, to integrate into society. Furthermore, night work, in particular, can impact negatively on a person’s health and health problems can have a detrimental effect on social integration.
In Switzerland, in 2018, 15% of employees worked atypical hours, i.e. at night (5%), on Sunday (8%) or on-call (5%). Analysis of results by migration status shows that the population with a migration background from the first generation has the highest proportion of employees with atypical working hours (17%). 5% of first generation migrants work at night, compared with 4% of employees with no migration background and of the population with a migration background from the second generation. The first generation also show the highest rate for Sunday work (10% compared with 8% and 6% for the population with no migration background and for the second generation). With regards on-call work, employees from the first generation once again show the highest rates (6% compared with 5% in the population with no migration background and 4% in the second generation). People with a migration background from the second or subsequent generations are, therefore, the least confronted with atypical working hours, apart from work at night.
People’s occupation (ISCO) has an influence on whether they work atypical hours. Service and sales workers, unskilled workers, but also drivers and assemblers, are subject to this type of working hours more than other employees.
Within the same occupation group, the share of the population with and without a migration background affected by atypical working conditions does not vary significantly, with the exception of administrative jobs. In this occupation, the population with a migration background from the first generation is more often confronted with atypical working hours than the other groups (12% compared with 7% in the population with no migration background and 6% in the second generation).
Employees are most likely to be faced with atypical working hours in Eastern Switzerland and in Espace Mittelland (17% and 16% respectively), whereas employees in Zurich and Lake Geneva region are the least likely (around 13%). In all major regions, the population with a migration background from the first generation is the one most likely to work atypical hours. The difference between this population group and the two others is only statistically significant in Northwest Switzerland, Zurich and Eastern Switzerland.
The category of employees who work atypical hours is comprised of people who normally work at night, on Sunday and/or on-call.
It is calculated by dividing the number of employees working atypical hours by the number of all employees.