Accused rate by selected offences

Definitions

An accused person is anyone who is suspected, accused or charged by a penal authority with an offence in a report to the police, in a penal complaint or in a procedural act. However, it should be borne in mind that an accused person is presumed innocent until judgement is passed.

The offences for this indicator are:

 - Serious assault (definition from art. 122 SCC). Any person who intentionally inflicts a life-threatening injury on another, any person who intentionally inflicts serious injury on the person, or on an important organ or limb of another, makes an important organ or limb unusable, makes another permanently unfit for work, infirm or mentally ill, or who disfigures the face of another badly and permanently, any person who intentionally causes any other serious damage to the person or to the physical or mental health of another.

- Common assault (definition from art. 123 SCC): any person who wilfully causes injury to the persons or the health of another in any other way.

- Theft (definition from art. 139 SCC): any person who for his own or for another's unlawful gain, appropriates moveable property belonging to another person with the object of permanently depriving the owner of it.

- Robbery (definition from art. 140 SCC): Any person who commits theft by using force on another, threatening another with imminent danger to life or limb, or making another incapable of resistance.

The difficulty with the accused rate is that there are many areas of hidden crime:

- unknown number of offences that are not reported to the police,
- unknown number of offences that are not solved.

For this reason, the accused rate cannot reflect the actual crime rate but at best the crime rate calculated, for various groups, based on police reports.

Calculation method:

The accused rate represents the number of accused men aged 18 to 34 identified for each of the offences selected during 5 years, calculated per 1000 inhabitants in the average permanent resident population excluding persons in the asylum process who have been in Switzerland for at least one year (population's arithmetic mean over 5 years): these represent the population most likely to have deviant behaviour with regards to the law.

In contrast to the Population and household statistics (STATPOP), persons in the asylum process who have been in Switzerland for at least one year are not considered as part of the resident population in the Police Crime Statistics (PCS). These statistics continue to consider these persons in the context of asylum, due to a lack of information about the length of their stay.

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34 key indicators provide an overview of the progress made on the journey towards integration and the state of integration of the population with a migration background. If this information is lacking, the population is shown by nationality, and where this variable is available, the country of birth.

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CH-2010 Neuchâtel
Switzerland

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