Material deprivation


Material deprivation is the fact of not possessing durable consumer goods or the absence of the conditions of a minimal existence due to lack of financial resources. Material deprivation is defined as the absence, for financial reasons, of at least three out of nine factors. Coordinated on a European basis, the nine items taken into account relate to the following areas of life:

Financial difficulties:
• capacity to face within one month an unexpected expense equal to 1/12 of the at-risk-of-poverty threshold (set at 60%) for a person living alone (CHF 2500 in Switzerland since 2013, CHF 2000 from 2007 and 2012);
• capacity to afford a one week annual holiday away from home;
• lack of payment arrears;
• capacity to afford a meal with meat, chicken or fish (or vegetarian equivalent) at least every other day;
• capacity to keep one’s home adequately warm;

Deprivation of consumer durables:
• owning a washing machine, a colour television, a telephone, a car.

Disturbances related to the main dwelling and its neighbourhood: At least one of the following 3 types of disturbance:
• Noise from neighbours or the street,
• Problems resulting from criminality, violence or vandalism in the neighbourhood,
• Problems resulting from pollution, rubbish or other environmental issues.

A single member of the household is asked these questions and the answers imputed to all household members. For households comprised of several adults with a different migration status, the same value calculated for the entire household is used for persons with and without a migration background.


Following changes to the survey framework and improvements in the weighting model, results from 2014 on can no longer be directly compared with those from previous years (series break).

You can access the indicators in one of the following ways

All indicators

Some 68 indicators describe the current situation and changes in the integration of the population with a migration background and/or of foreign nationals in Switzerland in eleven areas of life in our society.

Key indicators

34 key indicators provide an overview of the progress made on the journey towards integration and the state of integration of the population with a migration background. If this information is lacking, the population is shown by nationality, and where this variable is available, the country of birth.


Federal Statistical Office Section Demography and Migration
Espace de l'Europe 10
CH-2010 Neuchâtel



Our English pages offer only a limited range of information on our statistical production. For our full range please consult our pages in French and German (top right hand screen).