This indicator shows the proportion of people from different population groups who have one of the national languages as (one of) their main language(s). A good command of one of Switzerland’s national languages can be seen as both an essential requirement and as the result of successful integration.
Between 2014 and 2016, in the population without a migration background, and in the population with a migration background from the second or subsequent generations aged 15 and over, the share of people who had a national language as (one of) their main language(s) was close to 100%. In the first generation, the rate is close to 70%.
In the population of first generation migrants, the rate of people with a national language as main language(s) was lowest in the canton of Zug (59.2%) and highest in Ticino (85.6%). In all cantons, almost 100% of the population without a migration background and the population with a migration background from the second generation had a national language as (one of) their main language(s).
This indicator gives the proportion of the permanent resident population aged 15 and over that has at least one national language (German, French, Italian or Romansh) as main language.
It is based on the following question from the structural survey:
“What is your main language, i.e. The language in which you think and which you know best? “. Possible answers were: German (or Swiss-German), French (or French patois), Italian (or Ticino or Italo/Graubünden dialect), Romansh, Serbian/Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish, English, other language(s). Up to three languages were taken into consideration.