A household’s housing situation and living conditions depend on its financial means but this is not the only contributing factor. This indicator reveals an aspect of quality of life that may not be the same for each group of the population. Physical, spatial and material comfort is an indicator of integration, especially as it has an influence on the risk of social exclusion.
Note: On the German and French version of this page, the tables have been updated with the latest data. Graphs and texts will be updated shortly.
In 2019, the population from the second or subsequent generations with a migration background was 1.6 times more likely to face one or more aspects of housing deprivation than those without a migration background (20% compared with 13%). The first generation has an intermediate rate of housing deprivation (17%).
In 2019, the rate of people living in housing located in a neighbourhood that was considered too noisy was significantly higher among persons with a migration background (21%) than those without a migration background (16%).
From 2014 to 2019, the share of people confronted with aspects of housing deprivation has significantly increase in no population groups.
Between 2014 and 2019, the share of people living in housing located in a neighbourhood considered too noisy decreased in the population with a migration background (-3 percentage points).
The population with a migration background was significantly more likely to be subject to aspects of housing deprivation than the population without a migration background in Espace Mittelland (23% compared with 14%), the major region Zurich (19% compared with 13%) and in Eastern Switzerland (17% compared with 8%). In the other major regions, the differences between the population with and without a migration background are not statistically significant or the data is not presented due to a too small number of observation.
As far as the proportion of people living in a neighbourhood that is considered as being too noisy is concerned, only the major region of Zurich and Eastern Switzerland showed statistically significant differences between those with and without a migration background (respectively 24% compared with 18% and 28% compared with 12%).
The indicator uses two criteria to analyse housing conditions:
1) The indicator is defined as the percentage of the population faced with at least one of the following four major housing problems:
• damp housing (leaking roof; damp walls, floors or foundations; rotten window frames or floors),
• too dark,
• no shower or bath,
• no private indoor flushing toilet.
2) Percentage of persons living in a noisy neighbourhood.
A single member of the household was asked these questions and the answers are imputed to all household members. For households comprised of several adults with a different migration status, the same value calculated for the entire household is used for persons with and without a migration background.
Following changes to the survey framework and improvements in the weighting model, results from 2014 on can no longer be directly compared with those from previous years (series break).